My Highly Recommended Movies

Above the Law (1988) – Steven Seagal

The Accidental Spy (2001) – Jackie Chan

Air Force One (1997) – Harrison Ford

The Alamo (2004) – Dennis Quaid

Alive (2020) – Ah-In Yoo

Aliens in the Attic (2009) – Carter Jenkins

Ang Boyfreind Kong Pari (1999) – Ronnie Ricketts

Anger Management (2003) – Adam Sandler

The Animal (2001) – Rob Schneider

The Ant Bully (2006) – Animation

Antz (1998) – Animation

Armor of God (1986) – Jackie Chan

Armour of God II: Operation Condor (1991) – Jackie Chan

Army of Darkness (1993) – Bruce Campbell

Attack on Titan (進撃の巨人) (2015) – Haruma Miura

Baby’s Day Out (1994) – Joe Mantegna

Back to the Future (1985) – Michael J. Fox

Back to the Future Part II (1989) – Michael J. Fox

Bangkok Adrenaline

Battle of Wits (2006) – Andy Lau

Beautiful Boxer (2003) – Asanee Suwan

Best of the Best 2 (1993) – Eric Roberts

A Better Tommorrow (1986) – Chow Yun-Fat

Beverly Hills Ninja (997) – Chris Farley

The Big Brawl (殺手壕) (Battle Creek Brawl) (1980) – Jackie Chan

Blade (1998) – Wesley Snipes

Blade 2: Bloodhunt (2002) – Wesley Snipes

Blade 3: Trinity (2004) – Wesley Snipes

Blade of Fury (????) – Cynthia Khan

Blood Moon (????) – Gary Daniels

Blood Fist 2 (1990) – Don Wilson

Blue Streak (1999) – Martin Lawrence

Bloodsport (1988) – Jean-Claude Van Damme

Bodyguard From Beijing (1994) – Jet Li

Bolt (2008) – Animation

Bone Collector (1999 )- Denzel Washington

Born to Defend (1986) – Jet Li

Born To Fight (Kerd Ma Lui) (2004) – Dan Chupong

Bourne Ultimatum (2007) – Matt Damon

Braindead (Dead Alive) (1992) – Timothy Balme

Breathing Fire (1991) – Jonathan Ke Quan

Butterfly on a Wheel (2007) – Pierce Brosnan

Chicken Little (2005) – Animation

Chicken Run (2000) – Animation

China O’Brien (1988) – Cynthia Rothrock

China O’Brien 2 (1988) – Cynthia Rothrock

Commando (1985) – Arnold Schwarzenegger

Con Air (1997) – Nicolas Cage

Conan the Barbarian (1982) – Arnold Schwarzenegger

Cradle 2 the Grave (2003) – Jet Li

Crouching Tiger Hidden Dragon (2000) – Chow Yun-Fat

Cube (1997) Nicole de Boer

Cube 2: Hypercube (2002) – Kari Matchett

Cyprus Tigers (19??) – Conan Lee

Danny the Dog (2005) – Jet Li

Date Movie (2006) – Alyson Hannigan

Dawn of the Dead (1978) – David Emge

Dawn of the Dead (2004) – Sarah Polley

Day of the Dead (1985) – Lori Cardille

Day of the Dead (2008) – Ving Rhames

Dead Men Walking (2005) – Bay Bruner

DOA: Dead or Alive (2006) – Jaime Pressly

Deadend of Besiegers (1992) – Cynthia Khan

Death Becomes Her (1992) – Goldie Hawn

Deep Rising (1998) – Treat Williams

Delta Force 2: The Colombian Connection (1990) – Chuck Norris

Demolition Man (1993 – Sylvester Stallone

Demon Knight (1995) – William Sadler

Desperado (1995) – Antonio Banderas

Die Another Day (2002) – Pierce Brosnan

Die Hard (1988) – Bruce Willis

Dinosaur (2000) – Animation

District 9 (2009) – Sharlto Copley

Double Team (1997) – Jean Claude Van Damme

Dragon Fight (1989) – Jet Li

Dragons Forever (1988) – Jackie Chan

Dragon Mission (19??) – Sammo Hung

Drive (1998) – Mark Dacascos

Drunken Master (1978) – Jackie Chan

Drunken Master 2 (1994) – Jackie Chan

Drunken Tai Chi (1984) – Donnie Yen

Dugo ng Birhen (2001) – Monsour del Rosario

Eastern Condors (1987) – Sammo Hung

Elf (2003) – Will Ferrell

An Empress and the Warriors (2008) – Kelly Chen

End of Days

Enter the Dragon (1973) – Bruce Lee

Equalizer (2014) – Denzel Washington

Equilibrium (2002) – Christian Bale

Evan Almighty (2007) – Steve Carell

Evil Dead (1981) – Bruce Campbell

Evil Dead 2 (1987) – Bruce Campbell

Eye of the Tiger (1986) – Gary Busey

Farmhouse (2008) – Steven Weber

Fearless (2006) – Jet Li

Feng Shui (2004) – Kris Aquino

Final Destination 3 (2006) – Mary Elizabeth Winstead

Firewall (2006) – Harrison Ford

Fist of Fury (1972) – Bruce Lee

Fist of Fury 1991 (新精武門 1991) (1991) – Stephen Chow

Fist of Legend (1994) – Jet Li

Fist of the North Star (1995) – Gary Edward Daniels

Flash Point (2007) – Donnie Yen

Flight of the Living Dead: Outbreak on a Plane (Plane Dead) (2007) – David Chisum

Flushed Away (2006) – Animation

Fong Sai Yuk (1993) – Jet Li

Fong Sai Yuk II (1993) – Jet Li

The Food of the Gods (1976) – Marjoe Gortner

Freaky Friday (2003) – Jamie Lee Curtis

Frequency (2000) – Dennis Quaid

From Beijing with Love (1994) – Stephen Chow

From Dusk Till Dawn (1996) – Harvey Keitel

From Dusk till Dawn 2: Texas Blood Money (1999) – Robert Patrick

Game of Death (1978) – Bruce Lee

Game of Death 2 (1981)

Ganti ng Api (1991) – Ronnie Ricketts

Ghost (1990) – Patrick Swayze

Gladiator (2000) – Russell Crowe

The Gods Must be Crazy (1980) – Nixau

The Gods Must Be Crazy III (1991) – Nixau, Lam Ching Ying

Godzilla (1998) – Matthew Broderick

Gorgeous (1999) -Jackie Chan

Hancock (2008) – Will Smith

The Hard Corps (2006) – Jean Claude Van Damme

Hard Target (1993) – Jean Claude Van Damme

Hard to Kill (1989) – Steven Seagal

Heart of Dragon (1985) – Sammo Hung, Jackie Chan

High Risk (1995) – Jet Li

The Hills Have Eyes (2006) – Aaron Stanford

The Hills Have Eyes II (2006) – Jessica Stroup

Hostel (2005) – Jay Hernandez

The Hot Chick (2002) – Rob Schneider

Hot Fuzz (2007) – Simon Pegg

Hot Shots! Part Deux (1993) – Charlie Sheen

The Hunted (1995) – Christopher Lambert

I Am Legend (2007) – Will Smith

I Come in Peace (1990) – Dolph Lundgren

I, Robot (2004) – Will Smith

Ice Age (2002) – Animation

In Hell (2003) – Jean Claude Van Damme

In the Line of Duty 4 (1989) – Donnie Yen, Cynthia Khan

The Incredibles (2004) – Animation

The Incredibles (2018) – Animation

Independence Day (1996) – Will Smith

The Inspector Wears Skirts (1988) – Sibelle Hu

Invincible Armour (1977) – Hwang Jang Lee

The invincible Target (2007) – Nicholas Tse

Ip man (2008) – Donnie Yen

Ip man 2 (2010) – Donnie Yen

Ip man 3 (2015) – Donnie Yen

Ip man 4 (2019) – Donnie Yen

Iron Monkey (1993) – Donnie Yen

The Island (2005) – Ewan McGregor

Judge Dredd (1995) – Sylvester Stallone

Kickboxer (1989) – Jean Claude Van Damme

Kids From Shaolin (1983) – Jet Li

King of Beggars (1992) – Stephen Chow

King of the Kickboxers (1991) – Loren Avedon

Kiss of the Dragon (2001) – Jet Li

Knockabout (1979) – Yuen Biao, Sammo Hung

Kung Fu Hustle (2004) – Stephen Chow

Kung Fu Jungle (2014) – Donnie Yen

Kung Fu Panda (2008) – Animation

Kung Fu Vs. Yoga (1979) – Chin Yuet Sang

Lady Enforcers (1988) – Ellen Chan

The Land Before Time (1988) – Animation

Land of the Dead (2005) – Simon Bakerr

Lara Croft: Tomb Raider (2001) – Angelina Jolie

The Last Samurai (2003) – Tom Cruise

Legendary Assassin (2008) – Wu Jing

Little Man (2006) – Marlon Wayans

The Longest Yard (2005) – Adam Sandler

Mad Max 2 (1981) – Mel Gibson

Mad Max Beyond Thunderdome (1985) – Mel Gibson

The Magic Crystal (1986) – Andy Lau, Cynthia Rothrock, Richard Norton

Magic to Win 5 (1991) – Raymund Wong, Kris Aquino

Mars Attacks! (1996) – Jack Nicholson

Martial Arts of Shaolin (1986) – Jet Li

The Mask (1994) – Jim Carrey

The Master (1989) – Jet Li

Meals on Wheels (1984) – Jackie Chan

Meet the Fockers (2003) – Robert De Niro, Ben Stiller

Meet the Parents (2000) – Ben Stiller, Robert De Niro

Meet the Robinsons (2007) – Cartoons

Men in Black (1997) – Tommy Lee Jones, Will Smith

The Mermaid (美人鱼) (2016) – Deng Chao

The Messenger: The Story of Joan of Arc (1999) – Milla Jovovich

Midnight Angel (1990) – Mark Cheng

Midnight Meat Train (2008) – Bradley Cooper

Millionaire’s Express (1986) – Sammo Hung, Yuen Biao

The Minion (1998) – Dolph Lundgren

Miracles (1989) – Jackie Chan

Mismatched Couples (1985) – Donnie Yen

Miss Congeniality (2000) – Sandra Bullock

Miss Congeniality 2: Armed and Fabulous (2005) Sandra Bullock

Mission: Impossible II (2000) – Tom Cruise

Mission of Justice (1992) – Jeff Wincott

The Mist (2007) – Thomas Jane

Mr. & Mrs. Smith (2005) – Brad Pitt, Angelina Jolie

Mr. Deeds (2002) – Adam Sandler

Mr. Vampire (1985) – Ching-Ying Lam

Mr. Vampire Part 2 (1986) – Ching-Ying Lam

Mr. Vampire III (1987) – Ching-Ying Lam

Mr. Nice Guy (1997) – Jackie Chan

Monsters Inc. (2001) – Animation

Monsters VS Aliens (2009) – Animation

Mulan (1998) – Animation

The Mummy (1999) – Brendan Fraser

The Mummy Returns (2001) – Brendan Fraser

Mutant Chronicles (2009) – Thomas Jane

My Big Love (2008) – Sam Milby, Toni Gonzaga

My Father Is a Hero (給爸爸的信) (1995) – Jet Li

My Lucky Stars (1985) – Sammo Hung, Jackie Chan, Yuen Biao

My Super Ex-Girlfriend (2006) – Uma Thurman

The Naked Gun: From the Files of Police Squad (1988) – Leslie Nielsen

Naked Weapon (2002) – Maggie Q

New Police Story (2004) – Jackie Chan

Night at the Museum (2006) – Ben Stiller

Night of the Creeps (1986) – Jason Lively

Night of the Living Dead (1990) – Tony Todd

No Retreat, No Surrender (1986) – Kurt McKinney, Jean Claude Van Damme

No Retreat, No Surrender 2: Raging Thunder (1988) – Loren Avedon, Cynthia Rothrock

No Retreat, No Surrender 3: Blood Brothers (1990) – Loren Avedon, Keith Vitali

Once a Cop (Project S) (1993) – Michelle Yeoh

Once Upon a Time in China (1991) – Jet Li

Once Upon a Time in China 2 (1992) – Jet Li

The One (2001) – Jet Li

Ong Bak: Muay Thai Warrior (2003) – Tony Jaa

Ong Bak 2: The Beginning (2008) – Tony Jaa

Only the Strong (1993) – Mark Dacascos

The Pacifier (2005) – Vin Diesel

Painted Skin (2008) – Donnie Yen

Panic Room (2002) – Jodie Foster

Passenger 57 (1992) – Wesley Snipes

The Patriot (2000) – Mel Gibson

Pedicab Driver (群龍戲鳳) (1989) – Sammo Hung

Penelope (2008) – Christina Ricci

Perfect Weapon (1991) – Jeff Speakman

Planet of the Apes (2001) – Mark Wahlberg

The Platform (El hoyo) (2019)

Police Story (1985) – Jackie Chan

Police Story 2 (1988) – Jackie Chan

Police Story 4: First Strike (1996) – Jackie Chan

The Postman (1997) – Kevin Costner

Power Kids (????)

Predator (1987) – Arnold Schwarzenegger

Pride’s Deadly Fury (1983) – Lee Jun-Fung

Prodigal Son (1982) – Yuen Biao

Project A (1983) – Jackie Chan, Sammo Hung, Yuen Biao

Puppet Masters (1994) – Donald Sutherland

Ratatouille (2007) – Animation

Ready to Rumble (2000) – David Arquette

The Reaping (2007) – Hilary Swan

Red Cliff 2 (2009) – Tony Leung Chiu-Wai

Reign of Fire (2002) – Matthew McConaughey

Resident Evil (2002) – Milla Jovovich

Resident Evil: Apocalypse (2004) – Milla Jovovich

Resident Evil: Degeneration (Biohazard: Degeneration) – Animation

Resident Evil: Extinction (2007) – Milla Jovovich

Return of the Living Dead II (1988) – Michael Kenworthy

Righting Wrongs (1986) – Yuen Biao, Cynthia Rothrock

Rob-B-Hood (2006) – Jackie Chan

RoboCop (1987) – Peter Weller

Robots (2005) – Animation

The Rock (1996) – Sean Connery, Nicolas Cage

Rocky IV (1985) – Sylvester Stallone

Romano Sagrado: Talim sa Dilim (1996) – Monsour del Rosario

Romeo Must Die (2000) – Jet Li

Royal Warriors (1986) – Michelle Yeoh

Rumble in the Bronx (1995) – Jackie Chan

The Rundown (2003) – Dwayne Johnson

Running Man (1987) – Arnold Schwarzenegger

Rush Hour (1998) – Jackie Chan

Sa Piling ng Aswang (1999) – Maricel Soriano, Manilyn Reynes

San Basilio (1981) – Lito Lapid

Saw (2004) – Leigh Whannell

The Scorpion King (1992) – Chin Kar-Lok, Lau Kar-Leung

Scorpion King (2002) – The Rock

SPL: Sha Po Lang (2004) – Donnie Yen, Sammo Hung

Shake Rattle and Roll X (2008) – Kim Chiu

Shaolin Challenges Ninja (1978) – Gordon Liu

Shaolin Soccer (2001) – Stephen Chow

Shaolin Temple (1982) – Jet Li

Shaolin vs Lama (19??) – Alexander Lo

Shaolin vs Ninja (198?) – Alexander Lou

Shark Tale (2004) – Animation

She’s the Man (2006) – Amanda Bynes

Shoot Them Up (2007) – Clive Owen

Shrek (2001) – Animation

Silent Rage (1982) – Chuck Norris

Slither (2006) – Nathan Fillion

Snake in the Eagle’s Shadow (1978) – Jackie Chan

Snakes on a Plane (2006) – Samuel L. Jackson

So Close (2002) – Shu Qi, Karen Mok, Zhao Wei

Soldier (1998) – Kurt Russell, Jason Scott Lee

Something About Mary (1998) Cameron Diaz

Some Kind of Wonderful (1987) – Eric Stoltz

Spiderman 3 (2007) – Tobey Maguire

Spiritual Kung Fu (1978) – Jackie Chan

Starship Troopers (1997)- Casper Van Dien,

Sukob (2006) – Kris Aquino, Claudine Barretto

Sudden Death (1995) – Jean Claude Van Damme

Superfights (1995) – Brandon Gaines

Sutla (1999) Priscilla Almeda

Tai Chi Boxer (1996) – Wu Jing

The Tai-Chi Master(1994) – Jet Li, Michelle Yeoh

Teenage Mutant Ninja Turtles (1990) – Judith Hoag

Terminator (1984) – Arnold Schwarzenegger

Terminator 2: Judgment Day (1991) – Arnold Schwarzenegger

erminator 3: Rise of the Machines (2003) – Arnold Schwarzenegger

Texas Chainsaw Massacre: the Beginning (2006) – Jordana Brewster

They Call Me Bruce (1982) – Johnny Yune

They Live (1988) – Roddy Piper

The Thing (1982) – Kurt Russell

300 (2007) – Gerard Butler

Thunderbolt (1995) – Jackie Chan

Tiger Cage (1988) – Donnie Yen

Tiger on Beat (1988) – Chow Yun-Fat, Conan Lee

Timecop (1994) – Jean Claude Van Damme

Titanic (1997) – Leonardo DiCaprio, Kate Winslet

Tom Yum Goong (2005) – Tony Jaa

Total Recall (1990) – Arnold Schwarzenegger

Transformers (2007) – Shia LaBeouf

Transporter (2002) – Jason Statham

Tremors (1990) – Kevin Bacon

Troy (2004) – Brad Pitt

True Lies (1994) – Arnold Schwarzenegger

28 Weeks Later (2007) – Robert Carlyle

Twin Dragons (1992) – Jackie Chan

Twins Effect (2003) – Charlene Choi

Twinkle, Twinkle Lucky Stars (1985) – Sammo Hung, Jackie Chan, Yuen Biao

Undefeatable (1994) – Cynthia Rothrock, John Miller, Don Niam

Under Siege (1992) – Steven Seagal

Underdog (2007) – Animation

Underworld ((2003) – Kate Beckinsale

Universal Soldier (1992) – Jean Claude Van Damme, Dolph Lundgren

Universal Soldier: The Return (1999) – Jean Claude Van Damme, Michael Jai White

Vampires (1998) – James Woods

A Walk to Remember (2002) Shane West, Mandy Moore

Wallace & Gromit: The Curse of the Were-Rabbit (2005) – Animation

War of the Worlds (2005) – Tom Cruise,

The Waterboy (1998) – Adam Sandler

Waterworld (1995) – Kevin Costner

Way of the Dragon (1972) Bruce Lee, Chuck Norris

White Chicks (2004) – Shawn Wayans, Marlon Wayans

Who Am I? (1998) – Jackie Chan

Wild Wild West (1999) – Will Smith

Windtalkers (2002) – Nicolas Cage

Wing Chun (1994) – Michelle Yeoh, Donnie Yen

Winners and Sinners (1983) – Sammo Hung, Jackie Chan, Yuen Biao

Wrong Turn (2003) – Desmond Harrington

Wrong Turn 2: Dead End (2007) – Erica Leerhsen

Wrong Turn 3: Left for Dead (2009) – Chucky Venice

The X-Files (1998) – David Duchovny

X-Men: The Last Stand (2006) – Hugh Jackman

Yes, Madam (1985) – Michelle Yeoh, Cynthia Rothrock

The Young Master (1980) – Jackie Chan

Funny Real Life School Names in the Philippines

Amlang-Nagtagaan National High School, Amlang Rosario, La Union

 

Ano Elementary School, San Carlos City, Pangasinan

 

Bayag National High School, Leon, Iloilo

 

Cabading Elementary School, Sitio Cabading, Brgy. San Jose, Antipolo City, Rizal

 

Cantutang Primary School, Cantutang, Padre Burgos St., Southern Leyte

 

Hindi Elementary School, Bacacay, Albay

 

Inuman Elementary School, Sitio Inuman, Brgy. Inarawan, Antipolo City, National Capital Region (NCR)

 

Kita-Kita Elementary School, San Jose City, Nueva Ecija, Philippines

 

Parang Elementary School, 84 Padre Paterno St. Parang, Marikina City

 

Putik Central School, Zamboanga City, Zamboanga Del Sur

 

Suso Elementary School, Suso, Sta. Maria, Ilocos Sur

 

Tinitian National High School, Tinitian, Roxas, Palawan

 

Tulo Elementary School, Brgy. Milagrosa, Calamba City

 

Walang Elementary School, Brgy. Walang Lambunao, Iloilo

Funny Real Life Barangay Names in the Philippines

Barangay Ano, San Carlos City, Pangasinan

Barangay Bakit-Bakit, Rosales, Pangasinan

Barangay Baliw, San Juan, Ilocos Sur

Barangay Bangag, Lal-lo, Cagayan

Barangay Bangag, Solana, Cagayan

Barangay Bayag Norte, Leon, Iloilo

Barangay Gaya-Gaya, San Jose del Monte, Bulacan

Barangay Harapin ang Bukas, Mandaluyong City, Metro Manila

Barangay Hindi, Bacacay, Albay

Barangay Inayawan, Cebu City, Central Visayas

Barangay Kaybagal, Tagaytay, Cavite

y Barangay Maasim, San Ildefonso, Bulacan

Barangay Malasin, Pozorrubio, Pangasinan

Barangay Malinta, Los Baños, Laguna

Barangay Masuso, Pandi, Bulacan

Barangay Mataas na Lupa, Taysan, Batangas

Barangay Parang, Marikina City, Metro Manila

Barangay Pinagkaisahan, Makati City, Metro Manila

Barangay Pinagkaisahan, Quezon City, Metro Manila

Barangay Talaga, Capas, Tarlac

Barangay Tinitian, Roxas, Palawan

Sitio Inuman, Barangay Inarawan, Antipolo, Rizal

 

SOURCES:

Rodriguez, Mia. “10 Unintentionally Funny Barangay Names From Around the Philippines.” SPOT.ph.

14 Jun. 2019. 16 Aug. 2020

<https://www.spot.ph/newsfeatures/humor/77992/interesting-barangay-names-in-the-philippines-a4362-20190614&gt;

 

Rodriguez, Mia. “10 Barangay Names That Deserve a Double-Take.” SPOT.ph.

18 Apr. 2020. 16 Aug. 2020

<https://www.spot.ph/newsfeatures/humor/81806/baragay-names-unintentionally-funny-philippines-a4362-20200418&gt;

The Pen is Mightier than the Sword, or the Click is Mightier than the Firearm Rather: Globalized Journalism with NDB By: James U. Sy Jr.

Now on its 56th year, the Negros Daily Bulletin (NDB) is like fine wine, the older it gets, the better it is. Our President/Editor-in-Chief Mr. Ruperto G. Toga once reminisced to me how the NDB, as a weekly, was printed in the 1960’s; the news were slow to collect because the communication systems were not that sophisticated back then. Add to that how difficult the old printing method was and you’ll see how the newspaper can only manage one issue per week. But that was back then. Today, the news flow freely and unhampered from all directions (hence, N-north, E-east, W-west, S-south) because of better communication and printing technology, a more systematic industry, and of course, the internet.

NDB has withstood the test of time, spanning the term of nine Philippine presidents, and I am proud to be part of it. The title for this piece is actually a modification of the title of an earlier article I wrote for the 53rd Anniversary Issue of NDB in 2013, “The Pen is Mightier than the Sword: My Journey with NDB.” I chose the pen (or more accurately, the brush in Chinese culture) as a metaphor because it represents the scholastic side of the warrior and it symbolizes a higher consciousness of oneself and maturity into a physically, mentally, and spiritually superior human being who ultimately understands life and its real purpose. NDB was and still is a significant stimulus to this self realization.

The “Click is Mightier than the Firearm” is actually a play on the pen/sword metaphor, signifying the constant flux in the universe and the constant change of everything in life, including scholarship, technology, and journalism among others. Time changes everything. Those who can’t adapt and don’t evolve will perish. Today, the mouse has become on the same league, if not above, the pen.

This best describes my 16/17 years stint with NDB as a columnist, feature writer, photojournalist, and reporter, thousands of steps and hundreds, if not thousands, of articles depicting the changing world around us. A consummate writer by heart, I use to type my manuscripts on a pica or elite typewriter, have a picture or two developed, and physically deliver the same to the NDB office for publication. That was then. Now the email works wonders. Less time required, no paper needed. The beauty of technology, and the speed by which we have to go by our modern world. I may pale in comparison to a hardcore all-around mediaman primarily because by profession I am not a mediaman I don’t have a degree in Journalism; what I have is a bachelor’s degree in Marketing Management from the University of St. La Salle (USLS) and Completed Academic Requirements (CAR)-level units for my Master’s Degree at Carlos Hilado Memorial State College-Fortune Towne (CHMSC-FT) (where incidentally I’m also the Editor-in-Chief for the Masters Program publication, Paglaum).

I’m an industry man (as well as an entrepreneur), having had eight formal employers representing at least five industries. I was twice a banker, with Prime Savings Bank and East West Bank, both Bacolod Branches. I was a Purchasing Officer at Asian Alcohol Corporation (AAC) of the Lucio Tan Group of Companies (LTGC) before I took a teaching position with Bacolod City College (BCC) and College of the Arts and Sciences of Asia and the Pacific (CASAP)-Bacolod Campus. I write because I love to. Writing started out just as a hobby for me, in a way to also maintain my proficiency in the English language. I have come to realize that most employees stop learning once they leave school. Learning is really a life long pursuit because most of what we have learned in school during the first 20 years of our lives will become obsolete in the next 20 years. Using the brain continuously makes it active and healthy even in advanced years. Use it or lose it.

Due to my background, I am a “specialist” writer. I write about things that I know best and love, starting with the martial arts when I began writing for the NDB. Over the years, I have written about Arnis/Eskrima, Judo, Karate, Aikido, Taekwondo, Muay Thai, Boxing, Grappling, Jiu-jitsu, etc. (all arts I have studied before) and their proponents in Bacolod, Negros Island, and nearby places. No other writer in Negros Island Region (NIR) has penned such an extensive and non-partisan coverage of this specialized field in Negros. Since then, most of the grand old men of Arnis/Eskrima whom I have interviewed for these articles have passed away, the most recent of which was P/Sgt. (Ret.) Grandmaster Estanislao “Eslao” T. Guarra (1933-2016), the President of the Negros Occidental Baston Federation (NOBF), Inc. The articles I wrote about them will serve as a historical record of “mga tumandok nga mga hangkilan kag ang ila nga mga pamaagi sang pag-amlig sa kaugalingon.”

Then I started diversifying. Not all people are interested in the martial arts and there are many topics under the sun that can be talked about. NDB is primarily positioned as a community newspaper, one where you feel like you’re really part of it. As such, when I started my column “Culture Nurture” there was that purpose of educating the public about countless issues and topics which will catch their fancy and make them experience the joys of reading while sipping a cup of coffee or swinging away in their rocking chairs or seated upright in their swivel chairs. “Culture” because it is the sum total of man’s achievements, everything about humanity. “Nurture” signifies growth, evolution, development, a way of life if you will.

“Culture Nurture” has featured articles on diverse fields such as entertainment (movies, celebrities), history, religion, language and linguistics, banking and finance, frauds and scams, business, and much more. Of course, these pieces were written with globalization in mind. Nowadays, national boundaries become obscured as trade is now conducted through the net (and even newspapers are online as well), alliances among nations, such as the ASEAN and the EU, have a large impact in our economy and our standing in the international arena as sovereignty as well as a consumer and a producer.

Not enough can be said about journalism with a global flare in such a limited space. Nevertheless, the NDB will always be in the forefront to deliver to its readers up to date and relevant news reports and special interest articles for them to continuously learn, regarless of age, and be abreast of the ever changing and more boundaryless world that we live in. Every writer leaves behind their legacy when they leave this world. This piece and all others before and after this will be my legacy left in ink. My heartfelt thanks to the ever helpful and accommodating NDB family: to Sir Pert, Arman, Henry James, Ms. Ana, Cyrus, and all the others.

Voyager 1 & Voyager 2: Man’s Struggle & Legacy From Infinity & Beyond By: James U. Sy Jr.

Early man has always been mesmerized by the heavens and built enormous structures to bring him closer to the skies. The pyramids and Stonehenge were among these mammoth structures believed to be astronomical observatories by the ancients. But man went even further by dreaming of flight. Earliest references to flight can be found in legends and myths. Icarus and Pegasus immediately come to mind.

The Chinese invented the kite around 400 B.C., which became the predecessor to balloons and gliders. Man made wings made of feathers or lightweight wood but never flew like birds, at least not until the first hot air balloon was invented by siblings Joseph Michel and Jacques Etienne Montgolfier in 1783 and the first functional airplane by brothers Orville and Wilbur Wright in 1903.

But man was destined to reach further into the heavens, and on September 14, 1959, 23:02:23 UT, Luna 2 of the Soviet Union (USSR) became the first man-made object to reach the surface of another celestial body, the Moon. Apollo 11 of the U.S.A. became the first manned mission to land on the Moon, on July 20, 1969, in what astronaut Neil Amstrong, the first man who set foot on the Moon, described as, “… one small step for a man, one giant leap for mankind.”

Apparently, that small step will just morph into something much more enormous even before another decade would pass. On August 20, 1977, Voyager 2 was launched from the NASA Kennedy Space Center at Cape Canaveral, Florida and more than two weeks later, on September 5, 1977, Voyager 1 was also launched to explore the outer planets in the Solar System. Both spacecraft were delivered to space aboard the Titan-Centaur expendable rockets. That was 41 years ago, at a time when Millennials (Generation Y) and Generation Z were not yet born. Yet this pair of spacecrafts continue to make history to this day.

The Voyager mission was launched by the National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA) to take advantage of a rare alignment among the outer four planets – Jupiter, Saturn, Uranus and Neptune – which will only occur again after 175 years. The Voyager crafts used the gravitational assist from the planet they were visiting to fly on to the next one, saving on fuel. This gravity assist technique was first demonstrated with NASA’s Mariner 10 Venus/Mercury mission in 1973-1974, and has reduced the Voyager flight time to Neptune from 30 years to 12 years.

The Voyager 1 and 2 missions cost $865 million, from the launch, mission operations from launch through the Neptune encounter, and the Voyager’s nuclear batteries. An additional $30 million was budgeted by NASA for the Voyager Interstellar Mission for two years.

The spacecrafts had a five-year primary mission which was extended – three times – due to its succession of discoveries. The Voyager twins have explored all the giant outer planets of the Solar System – Jupiter, Saturn, Uranus and Neptune – and their magnetic fields as well as 49 moons. Voyager 1, which has nearly 65,000 individual parts, took the first high-resolution photographs of Saturn in 1980; its cameras are so incredibly sharp that they could read a magazine headline at over half a mile. Voyager 1 also made the first discovery of volcanic activity on another celestial body in the Solar System, in Jupiter’s moon Io. Voyager 2 is the only spacecraft to have explored Uranus and Neptune.

Voyager 2 made history as the longest-operating mission by NASA on August 13, 2011, after breaking the record of 12,758 days of operation set by the Pioneer 6 probe (launched: December 16, 1965, sent last signal to Earth: December 8, 2000). Meanwhile, Voyager 1 became the first man-made object to leave the Solar System, on August 25, 2012, nearly 35 years after leaving Earth, and thus, is also the farthest (most distant) man-made object from Earth, surpassing Pioneer 10 on February 17, 1998.

Voyager 1 is the fastest man-made object in space, travelling 912,000 miles, give or take, per day (38,000 mph) since its launch in 1977 (to 2015). But even at this speed, it will take the spacecraft nearly 300 years to reach the Oort Cloud and around 30,000 years to go from the entry point of the Oort Cloud ring to the exit.

The new mission of the Voyager twins is the exploration of the outermost edge of the Solar System and eventually interstellar space. Voyager 2 was put on course for Sirius by NASA engineers in January 2017. The coded instruction to Voyager 2, even travelling at the speed of light, took 14 hours to reach the satellite. Voyager 1 is about 141 astronomical units (AU) from Earth by February 2018, or roughly 13.2 billion mi. (21.2 billion km.) while Voyager 2 is about 117 AU from Earth, or roughly 10.9 billion mi. (17.5 billion km.).

Voyager I continues to send back data to Earth but its signal takes 18 hours to reach Earth due to its distance. Voyager 1’s signal power is abot 24 watts, but it is becoming weaker and weaker. The sound is so faint that out of 22.4 watts sent by the spacecraft, only 10 ^ -16 of a watt, or 0.000,000,000,000,0001th of a watt, is recived by scientists. In comparison, 1 zero bulb has 15 watts. Thus, the bulb is 150,000,000,000,000,000 times more powerful than that of Voyager’s signal strength.

The information sent by Voyager 1 and Voyager 2 have been transcribed into more than fifty books which are now at the library of California Institute of Technology.

Voyager 1 will run out of power around 2025. But even after shutting off, Voyager 1 and Voyager 2 will continue to drift out in interstellar space. Voyager 1 will flyby the next star in 40,000 years in the year 40,000282 A.D., drifting within 1.6 light-years (9.3 trillion miles) of AC+79 3888, a star in the constellation of Camelopardalis which is 17.6 light-years from Earth. Voyager 1 will pass close to two stars, GJ 686 and GJ 678 in 570,000 years.

Voyager 2, even travelling at around 40,000 mph, will take 296,000 years to pass within 1.7 light-years of the small red dwarf star Ross 248, and will also come within 4.3 light-years from Sirius, the brightest star in Earth’s sky, a time when most experts believe mankind would have long been extinct, or would have evolved into an entirely different species. Voyager 2 will brush by the stars, delta Pav and GJ 754, about a hundred thousand years later.

In the hopes of finding extraterrestial life in other parts of the universe, and foreseeing the eventual demise of his specie, man has endeavored to leave traces of his existence for eternity. And that legacy has been loaded into the Voyager spacecrafts – the “Golden Records” (golden phonograph records), 12-in., gold-plated copper disks, that are cultural time capsules that contain recorded messages from Earth intended for other life forms in outer space – 115 iimages and a variety of natural sounds selected for NASA by a committee chaired by Carl Sagan of Cornell University to portray the diversity of life and culture on Earth, spoken greetings in 55 Earth languages, and musical selections from different cultures and eras. The Voyager’s Golden Records are made so compact that its data is extractable even after 1 billion years.

The Voyager spacecrafts will go down to eternity as mankind’s tombstone documenting his legacy, regardless if the Eath is but a a tiny speck in the vast amd ever expanding universe.

Marvel & DC Superhero(TM) Trivia Unlimited

* Action Comics is the first by DC Comics title to reach 1,000 issues (Smith “As ‘Action Comics’ Reaches”).

* The Adventures of Captain Marvel (1941) is the first superhero movie in the world (Gogoi “Shazam”).

* The Adventures of Captain Marvel is the first Shazam movie (Gogoi “Shazam”).

* Alfred Pennyworth, Bruce Wayne’s trusted butler, was portrayed as an overweight, idiotic, comic-relief from his irst appearance until his re-introduction in the Silver Age Comics (“100 Interesting Facts About DC”).

* Alfred Pennyworth revealed that he is the Joker in a non-canonical story told in the ‘Batman’ comic “Whatever Happened to the Caped Crusader” (“100 Interesting Facts About DC”).

* Amalgam Comics (totaling to 24) was a collaboration between Marvel and DC Comics in 1996 which fused the two universes, and thus creating all-new hybrid superheroes like Bat-Thing (Man-Bat + Man-Thing), Challengers of the Fantastic (Fantastic Four + Challengers of the Unknown), Darkclaw (Batman + Wolverine), Iron Lantern (Green Lantern + Iron Man), King Lizard (King Shark + The Lizard),
Spider-Boy (Spider-Man + Superboy), Super Soldier (Superman + Captain America), and Thorion the Hunter (Thor + Orion). Iron Lantern (alter ego: Hal Stark, i.e. Hal Jordan and Tony Stark), for instance, periodically recharges the armor that he made from an alien lantern artifact (“20 Interesting Facts About Marvel Superheroes”; Narcisse “That Weird Time”; Moore “17 Things”).

* Apocalypse made hismovie debut in 2016, the 30th anniversary of his debut in the X-Men comics (May 1986) (“Things You Should Know”).

* Armless Tiger Man is a Marvel villain from the 1940’s (Yezpitelok and Rio “6 Most Bizarrely Offensive”).

* The Atom made his first DCAU appearance in the TV series Justice League Unlimited (2004–2006) (“Justice League Unlimited”).

* The Avengers (2012) hired 25 real life members of the Ohio-based 391st military police force battalion for its segmenet on the attack on New York City (“28 Fun Facts & Trivia About Marvel’s Avengers”).

* The Avengers (2012) hit $1.5 billion and became the then 3rd highest grossing movie in history
(Hughes “’Avengers: Infinity War’”).

* Avengers: Age of Ultron has the most visual effects (VFX) shots in any marvel movie ever, with more than 3,000, beating the previous record holder Guardians of the Galaxy which has 2,750 VFX shots (Deane “26 Fun Facts”).

* The Avengers: Age of Ultron teaser trailer is the most viewed debut trailer of all time, with 34.3 million global views in 24 hours, beating previous record holder Iron Man 3 with 20 million views (Hall “‘Avengers: Age of Ultron’ Trailer”).

* Avengers: Age of Ultron was boycotted by about 200 small town German movie theaters after Disney demanded 53% of ticket sales without taking into account the smaller sizes of small town venues; a movie studio usually gets 47.7% of the opening week box office (Deane “26 Fun Facts”).

* Avengers: Infinity War (2018) is the first movie shot in imax from beginning to end (Katsampiri “Avengers: Infinity War”).

* Avengers: Infinity War (2018) is the longest film in the Marvel Cinematic Universe (MCU) (Katsampiri “Avengers: Infinity War”).

* Avengers: Infinity War opened to a stunning $75+ million in China on May 11, 2018 (Hughes “’Avengers: Infinity War’”).

* The Avengers: Infinity War trailer, which was released on November 29, 2017, is the most viewed debut trailer of all time, with 230 million global views in 24 hours (“Avengers: Infinity War is the Most Viewed Trailer”).

* Avengers: Infinity War was the culmination of a ten-year plan spread across 19 films (Hughes “’Avengers: Infinity War’”).

* Batman could exist in real life but only for a few years due to the incredible physical demands required (“100 Interesting Facts About DC”).

* Batman had 8 different Batcaves, one of which is located directly under Arkham Asylum (Cellania “26 Odd”).

* Batman is a city in Turkey which once threatened to sue Warner bros. for royalties from its name (“50 Delightful DC”).

* Batman is the DC superhero with the most appearances, at around 6,250 (“30 Awesome DC Comics Facts”).

* Batman knocked out the Incredible Hulk in a 1981 special, fast. Batman threw a knock-out gas grenade at the head of the Hulk, who was then rampaging at Wayne Tech, and kicked him in the solar plexus, forcing him to breath in the gas (“20 Interesting Facts About Marvel Superheroes”).

* Batman originally lived in Metropolis or New York, and only first became a resident of Gotham City in Batman #4 (1940) (“100 Interesting Facts About DC”).

* Batman shot Darkseid with a gun loaded with the very bullet that killed Orion when he taunted him about the destruction of Earth but the Lord of Apokolips hit the dark Knight with his radioactive Omega Beams and incinerates him in Final Crisis #6 (Canfield “15 Biggest Superhero Deaths”).

* The Batman TV series (1966), before being aired, got the lowest test score ratings from selected audience in the history of the ABC network and was not expected to succeed (“100 Interesting Facts About DC”).

* Batman V Superman and Justice League were rushed into production without ample time to really develop the story and the characters, which can be blamed partially for their critical failures (Mithaiwala “Warner Bros. Rush”).

* Batman was enslaved and killed over and over again d by the Joker, who was given the infinite power of Mr. Mxyzptlk, in Action Comics vol. 1 #770. The Dark Knight’s death count was pretty high. In one instance Batman was eaten alive by vultures (Castro “15 Superheroes”).

* Batman was impaled by Ra’s al Ghul with a shovel in the graphic novel trilogy Birth of the Demon, forcing the Dark Knight to jump into the Lazarus Pit to stay alive (Castro “15 Superheroes”).

* Batman was killed by the Joker and dumped his body into a river in Legends of the Dark Knight #65 (Castro “15 Superheroes”).

* Batman’s Hellbat is a suit of armor forged in the sun by Superman and used by the Dark Knight in large-scale threats in extreme battle scenarios (“100 Interesting Facts About DC”).

* Disturbed versions of the Batman and his sidekick the Boy Wonder beat and nearly killed Green Lantern (Hal Jordan) by painting themselves yellow in a yellow room, thus preventing him to create any constructs in Frank Miller’s All Star Batman and Robin (“20 Mind-Blowing Facts You Never Knew About Green Lantern”).

* Beast has full membership with the Avengers (DiMatteo “25 Facts”).

* Black Lightning (alter ego: Jefferson Pierce) is the second Black superhero in DC Comics, introduced in 1977 in Black Lightning #1 (“Who Were the First Black Superheroes”).

* Black Panther is the first Black superhero to appear in a major American comic book, introduced by Stan Lee and Jack Kirby in 1966 in Fantastic Four #52 (“Who Were the First Black Superheroes”).

* Black Panther is the richest superhero, with an estimated net worth of $100-500 billion, making him nearly as rich as Sweden whose nominal GDP is $507 billion (“35 Best Marvel Facts”).

* Black Panther was briefly renamed by Marvel to Black Leopard circa 1972 to avoid any perceived association with the Black Panther party (McLauchlin “100 Little-Known Facts…Part 3”).

* Black Widow shot dead Jarvis, Tony Stark’s butler, when he walked in on the two of them having sex in the Ultimate Marvel Universe (“100 Marvel Facts You May Not Know”).

* Black Widow/Natasha Romanov’s age in Marvel movies hae not been explcitly stated, although it is hinted that she is old enough to have been raised by the KGB. She is said to be 70 years old in the comics because of the various medical procedures and bits of biotechnology invested on her (“35 Best Marvel Facts”).

* The Blue Ear was a superhero created by Marvel Comics especially for their young fan Anthony Smith in 2012, after his mother wrote to the company, telling them that her son won’t wear his hearing aid since he hadn’t seen any superhero wearing one and if he wore his he couldn’t be a superhero. The Blue Ear initially appeared only in pin-up form for Smith but was introduced in a full comic in partnership with the Children’s Hearing Institute in 2014. Marvel also sent Smith a cover image from West Coast Avengers, when Hawkeye temporarily lost his hearing and had to wear a hearing aid, and promised to make him an honorary Avenger if he wore his (Moore “17 Things”).

* Bob Kane, the co-creator of Batman, paid a legions of ghost artists up to $200/page for pencils in the 1950’s (equivalent to $2,066.71/page in 2016), more than many pencilers make in 2017 (McLauchlin “100 Little-Known Facts…Part 1”).

* Brian Pulido, the publisher of Chaos! Comics, shaved off his goatee and sold it as part of a charity auction at the Wizard World Chicago convention on July 6, 2002 and it was bought at $50 (McLauchlin “100 Little-Known Facts…Part 3”).

* Bruce Banner, the human form of the Incredible Hulk, was called David Banner in The Incredible Hulk TV show since a producer considered Bruce to have homosexual connotations (“35 Best Marvel Facts”).

* Bryan Singer directed the most comic book superhero movies in the same series, at 4 X-Men films, breaking the previous record held by Sam Raimi (Spider-Man) and Christopher Nolan (Batman), with 3 each. Zack Snyder had 5 but they were from multiple franchises: 300, Watchmen, Batman v Superman: Dawn of Justice, and Justice League (“Things You Should Know”).

* The Captain America: Civil War trailer is the most viewed debut trailer of all time, with 61 million global views in 24 hours, Marvel announced in November 2015, beating previous record holder Star Wars: The Force Awakens with 55 million views and its second trailer with 112 million views in its first 24 hours in October 2015 (Galuppo “‘Captain America: Civil War’”).

* The Captain America: Civil War trailer is the most viewed debut trailer or any Marvel title of all time, almost double the previous record holder, Avengers: Age of Ultron trailer, with 34 million views in 2014 (Galuppo “‘Captain America: Civil War’”).

* Captain America had a kill count of 14,098 in his movies while Superman had countless, according to Hugh Armitage (Armitage “Which Movie Superhero”).

* Captain America had been killed at least 10 times in the comics (Castro “15 Superheroes”).

* Captain America once teamed up with Dracula when Hydra invaded Transylvania (“85 Enlightening Superhero Facts”).

* Captain America was briefly a werewolf (“50 Marvelous Marvel”).

* Captain America’s original triangular shield was changed into a round shield since the original was too similar to the heraldic logo on his chest of The Shield, a superhero from rival comic publisher MLJ (“50 Marvelous Marvel”; May “10 Little-Known Facts”).

* Various Marvel movies from Captain America to Captain America: Civil War had to avoid using words from the X-Men since Fox owned its license. It could not be said that Captain America’s shield or Ultron contain a trace of Adamantium, the metal around Wolverine’s bones. “Mutant” was replaced with “enhanced,” and Wanda and Peter have more mundane parents than Magneto (“35 Best Marvel Facts”).

* Captain Cold built the cold gun in the comics but in the CW TV series The flash, he got it from a black market dealer who got it from S.T.A.R. Labs (Schultz “25 Facts”).

* Captain Marvel was originally a superhero created by Fawcett Comics in the 1940’s who became immensely popular. DC Comics claimed that the character was a Superman copycat and sued Fawcett for alleged copyright infringement. Fawcett folded and agreed to cease publication after years of court battles. DC, then looking for new material, planned to license and revive Captain Marvel from Fawcett to use themselves. Marvel learned about the plan in 1967 and Marvel introduced its Captain Marvel and trademarked the name, thereby forcing DC to rename Fawcett’s original Captain Marvel to Shazam. But because of this, Marvel is required to keep printing comics featuring any character named Captain Marvel at all times in order to hold on to the trademark and prevent DC’s Shazam from claiming the name. This is partly why Ms. Marvel took on the name Captain Marvel (Moore “17 Things”; Perpetua “36 Things”; “35 Best Marvel Facts”).

* The original Captain Marvel, created by Fawcett Comics, was inspired by Superman (Gogoi “Shazam”).

* Carnage was modeled after the Joker (“85 Enlightening Superhero Facts”).

* Christian Bale refused to play Batman if Robin appeared anywhere in the Trilogy (“100 Interesting Facts About DC”).

* Clark Kent and Lois Lane attended a Halloween custome party as Batman and Robin respectively in a 1997 issue of “Superman (“100 Interesting Facts About DC”).

* Clark Kent was originally chosen to become a Green Lantern by Abi Sur’s ring but was rejected since he wasn’t native to Earth (“100 Interesting Facts About DC”).

* “Clint” and “flick” are among the words comic book letterers avoid since the letters can inadvertently run together during printing and can be misconstrued as profanity (Cellania “26 Odd”).

* Cobalt Blue is a supervillain who is the long-lost twin brother of the Flash (alter ego: Barry Allen) (Vicky “50 Superb Facts”).

* Colossus is gay in the Ultimate Marvel universe (DiMatteo “25 Facts”).

* Combo Man was a boy who became an amalgamation superhero after being bombarded by energy and eating a Combo and was featured in a single-issue comic cross-promotion by Marvel Comics and Combos Snacks. He was a combination of Captain America, Carnage, Cyclops, Daredevil, the Human Torch, Hulk, Iron Man, Magneto, the Punisher, Spider-Man, and Wolverine (“100 Marvel Facts You May Not Know”).

* Conan the Barbarian, Fu Manchu, Godzilla, and The transformers were part of the Marvel Universe until their license agreements lapsed (“50 Marvelous Marvel”).

* Conan the Barbarian was licensed by Marvel Comics from Conan Properties for $200 an issue (equivalent to $1,284.86 in 2017) in 1970. To compensate for the big fee, Marvel had Barry Smith draw the early issues since he was a new artist and had a cheaper rate (McLauchlin “100 Little-Known Facts…Part 1”).

* Condiment King was a Batman villain who was defeated after he slipped on his own ketchup (“100 Interesting Facts About DC”).

* Cyborg (alter ego: Victor Stone) joined the Justice League on TV 25 years before joining them in the comic books. Cyborg, a member of the Teen Titans in the comics, was added to the group in the cartoon TV show Super-Powers Team: Galactic Guardians (1985) (Justice League with a different name) because Teen Titans was then a hit comic book and including him in the group will boost the show. Cyborg was made a founding member and mainstay of the Justice League in the New 52 comics (“16 Fun Facts You Never Knew”).

* Cyclops and Jean Grey were married by Marvel in the comics when they discovered that the producers of X-Men: The Animated Series will wed them in its second season (Perpetua “36 Things”).

* Danny the Street is a DC Comics character which is a sentient transvestite length of road with the power of teleportation (“100 Interesting Facts About DC”).

* The Dark Knight (2008) is the first superhero movie ever to cross the billion-dollar threshold, which its sequel, The Dark Knight Rises (2012), also achieved in 2012. Iron Man 3 is the only other solo superhero film to do so at the end of 2017; the movie got a significant boost in ticket sales since it was the MCU’s first post-Avengers movie (Mithaiwala “Warner Bros. Rush”).

* The Dark Knight was the first Batman movie not to have the word Batman in the title (“100 Interesting Facts About DC”).

* The Dark Knight was the first Batman movie not to have any bats throughout the film (“100 Interesting Facts About DC”).

* DC Comics had acquired superheroes from other publishers, among them Midnighter (Wildstorm), Plastic Man (Quality), The Question (Charlton), Shazam (Fawcett), Static (Milestone), and Wonder Woman (All-American) (“50 Delightful DC”).

* Detective Comics (debuted: 1937) is the longest-running title by DC Comics, at 81 years by 2018 (Smith “As ‘Action Comics’ Reaches”).

* DC Comics Inc. was originally the National Allied Publications, only officially changing its name to DC Comics in 1977 since prior to that most fans knew it as DC because of the initials on every cover of its comics, identifying it as being from the same publisher as the popular Detective Comics (Smith “As ‘Action Comics’ Reaches”).

* DC Comics rebooted their superhero universe, including Superman, in 2011 (Smith “As ‘Action Comics’ Reaches”).

* DC was named after Detective Comics (“50 Delightful DC”).

* Deadpool is immortal in the comics because Thanos wants to keep him away from Death in the afterlife (Muse “10 Weird Facts”).

* Deadpool (alter ego: Wade Wilson) was originally conceptualized as a spoof of DC’s Deathstroke (alter ego: Slade wilson) (“25 Marvel Facts”).

* Dick Ayers was colorblind but managed to colored comic books by having his paints in jars with labels. Other artists who were also colorblind include John Byrne, Howard Chaykin, Tim Sale, and John Severin (McLauchlin “100 Little-Known Facts…Part 1”).

* Dkrtzy RRR, a member of the Green Lantern Corps, is a sentient math equation (“100 Interesting Facts About DC”).

* Doctor Doom was a Batman villain 12 years before Stan Lee and Jack Kirby created the Marvel villain with the same name (“50 Marvelous Marvel”).

* Doll Man is a superhero created by Quality Comics whose only power was to shrink to the size of a doll (Peters “8 Regrettable”).

* The Doom Patrol of DC and the X-Men of Marvel, both teams of outcasts with superpowers led bya wheelchair-bound leader, deuted within three months of each other, with the former being the first (“50 Marvelous Marvel”).

* Doomsday can withstand Darkseid’s omega beam (“85 Enlightening Superhero Facts”).

* Doomsday defeated the Justice League with one arm tied behind his back (“85 Enlightening Superhero Facts”).

* Doomsday is reposnible for the death of more than 1,000,000 Green Lanterns (“85 Enlightening Superhero Facts”).

* Earth-23 is a planet in the DC Multiverse which is almost entirely populated by black versions of DC superheroes. Black Superman and Black Wonder Woman were based on Barack Obama and Beyoncé Knowles (“30 Awesome DC Comics Facts”).

* El Diablo #6 (2009) is said to be the worst-selling DC Universe comic of all time, selling only 3,997 copies (McLauchlin “100 Little-Known Facts…Part 2”).

* Ethan Van Sciver, an artist, secretly incorporated the word “sex” into nearly every page of New X-Men No. 118 (DiMatteo “25 Facts”).

* The Eye (a.k.a. Detective Eye), is a superhero created by Centaur Publications and debuted in: Keen Detective Funnies Vol. 2 No. 12 (December 1939), was a living, speaking, crime-fighting giant, floating disembodied eyeball, wreathed in a halo of golden light, which may well be the “most literal superhero in comic book history” (Morris “Most Literal Superhero”; Peters “8 Regrettable”).

* Fables was initially intended as a 5-issue series but ended up with 150 issues, and resulted to ten spinoffs (McLauchlin “100 Little-Known Facts…Part 2”).

* The Falcon (Sam Wilson) is the first African-American superhero (“Who Were the First Black Superheroes”).

* The Falcon is the Black superhero not to have the word “black” in his monicker (“Who Were the First Black Superheroes”).

* The Falcon is the second Black superhero in Marvel Comics, introduced in 1969 in Captain America #117 (“Who Were the First Black Superheroes”).

* The Falcon (Sam Wilson) is the first Black Captain America, having been given the mantle by the original Captain America, Steve Rogers, who could no longer serve as the superhero, in Captain America (vol.7) #25 (2015) (“Who Were the First Black Superheroes”).

* The Flash (Barry Allen) beat Quicksilver in a race, after he seem to die in Crisis on Infinite Earths and ran to the Marvel Universe (“50 Delightful DC”).

* The Flash can phase (move) through solid objects with his entire body or just a specific limb (“17 Bizarre Facts About the Flash’s Body”).

* The Flash can pass the speed force to his descendants (“17 Bizarre Facts About the Flash’s Body”).

* The Flash (alter ego: Barry Allen) can punch someone up to 1,000,000,000 times per second (Jenkins “10 Lightning-Fast Facts”).

* The Flash can time travel, backwards or forwards, and to travel to other dimensions as well by running very fast (“17 Bizarre Facts About the Flash’s Body”).

* The Flash can whip up miniature tornadoes (vortexes) (“17 Bizarre Facts About the Flash’s Body”).

* The Flash consumes vast amounts of calories to keep up his energy but doesn’t become fat because of his accelerated metabolism, except one time he got fat after Gorilla Grodd shot him with a radiation gun (“17 Bizarre Facts About the Flash’s Body”).

* The Flash gave his superpowers to himself. In the “Crisis on Infinite Earths” crossover comic, Barry Allen was turned into pure energy after running so fast, traveled back in time, and struck himself as the a bolt of lightning which gave him his superpowers (“30 Awesome DC Comics Facts”).

* The Flash had to run after being pricked by one of Poison Ivy’s toxic thorns to keep the toxin from metabolizing into his bloodstream, circling the world 6 times, maintaining supersonic speeds for over a day (Vicky “50 Superb Facts”).

* The Flash (alter ego: Barry Allen) is faster than Superman (Jenkins “10 Lightning-Fast Facts”).

* The Flash is not a single superhero, there had been at least four incarnations: Jay Garrick, Barry Allen, Wally West, and Bart Allen (grandson of Barry Allen) (Vicky “50 Superb Facts”).

* The Flash (alter ego: Barry Allen) is the first Silver Age remake of a DC Comics superhero. DC Comics has been in the industry for quite a while so it has different “ages” of its comics. The Golden Age refers to the first incarnations of superheroes while the Silver Age was its first effort to modernize its characters (Jenkins “10 Lightning-Fast Facts”).

* The Flash once tuned every radio on Earth in one septosecond, which means he would have travelled about 500,000,000,000,000,000,000,000, faster than the speed of light (“85 Enlightening Superhero Facts”).

* The Flash (alter ego: Barry Allen) was used by DC editors as the in-story mechanism for rebooting the DC Comics universe in the New 52 series. He changed reality after going back in time to try to stop the Reverse-Flash from murdering his mother, Nora Allen (Jenkins “10 Lightning-Fast Facts”).

* The original Flash (alter ego: Jay Garrick) wears a helmet inspired by the Greek God Hermes and the Roman god ‘\Mercury (Vicky “50 Superb Facts”).

* The Floronic Man was a DC supervillain made of marijuana that Batman fought (“50 Delightful DC”; Yezpitelok and Rio “6 Most Bizarrely Offensive”).

* Four Color by Dell comics is the first American comic book to reach 1,000 issues, reaching 1,365 issues (1942-1965) (Smith “As ‘Action Comics’ Reaches”).

* Galactus and Silver Surfer, which were created by Stan Lee and Jack Kirby, were inspired by the Bible, specifically God and Satan respectively (“20 Interesting Facts About Marvel Superheroes”).

* Galatea, the Supergirl clone, wore a custome and hairstyle similar to Power Girl in the TV series Justice League Unlimited (2004–2006); the real Power Girl was not allowed to appear in the series (“Justice League Unlimited”).

* Garbage Man (alter ego: Richard Morse) is a DC superhero who was a lawyer for a powerful law firm twho was ransformed into hideous creature with toxic skin, regeneration abilities, and super human strength (“Garbage Man”).

* George Clooney was once asked in an interview if he would ever play a homosexual character in a movie. His reply was he already did when he had played Batman in Batman and Robin in 1997 (“30 Awesome DC Comics Facts”).

* G.I. Joe was based on a failed pitch for a Shield comic book (“50 Marvelous Marvel”).

* Godzilla was continuously used by Marvel in the mid 1980’s even when its license to publish the character in comics had already expired (Perpetua “36 Things”).

* Goldballs is a mutant who has the power to shoot gold balls from his body (DiMatteo “25 Facts”).

* Green Lama is a comic book superhero in the 1940’s who was a practicing Buddhist and has the power of reincarnation (Cellania “26 Odd”).

* Green Lantern and Wonder Woman were planned by DC Comics to become into a couple in the 1970’s but had to abandon the idea after a fan mail suggested the same idea (“20 Mind-Blowing Facts You Never Knew About Green Lantern”).

* Green Lantern (alter ego: John Stewart) destroyed Mogo, a member of the Green Lantern Corps who was a sentient planet, since it was corrupted and was being used to create waves of new killer Green Lanterns (“20 Mind-Blowing Facts You Never Knew About Green Lantern”).

* Green Lantern (alter ego: John Stewart) is the first Black superhero in DC Comics, introduced in December, 1971 in Green Lantern #87 (“Who Were the First Black Superheroes”).

* Green Lantern once had an alien starfish sidekick, Itty, who sat on his shoulder (“30 Facts About the Green Lantern”; “20 Mind-Blowing Facts You Never Knew About Green Lantern”).

* The original Green Lantern (alter ego: Alan Scott, 1940 version) can not make his powers work against wood (“30 Facts About the Green Lantern”).

* The original Green Lantern had declining sales so the eries was rebooted in 1959 with Hal Jordan as the new Green Lantern. It was the Hal Jordan version of the Green Lantern whose powers don’t work against yellow (“30 Facts About the Green Lantern”).

* The original Green Lantern is different from the 1959 version, their only commonality being the wearing of a ring. Alan Scott’s powers were magical in origin rather than etraterrestial. He found a magical green flame from which his lantern came (“20 Mind-Blowing Facts You Never Knew About Green Lantern”).

* The original Green Lantern was created by Martin Nodell after seeing a railroad engineer holding up a green lantern to indicate that it was time for his train to pass by (“20 Mind-Blowing Facts You Never Knew About Green Lantern”).

* The original Green Lantern was reintroduce as an openly gay man in the rebooted “New 52” universe (“20 Mind-Blowing Facts You Never Knew About Green Lantern”).

* Hawkeye is the only character who is a member of the Justice Legue and the Avengers (“30 Awesome DC Comics Facts”).

* Hawkeye once ripped off his own fingernails and used them as deadly projectiles (“85 Enlightening Superhero Facts”).

* The Hemo Goblin was a DC supervillain created to help a white-supremacists terminate people of non-white ethnicity by spreading AIDS (“30 Awesome DC Comics Facts”).

* Henry Cavill almost wasn’t cast as Superman in Man of Steel because he was busy playing World of Warcraft (“100 Interesting Facts About DC”).

* Hugh Jackman is the first actor to play the same comic superhero in five movies (“28 Fun Facts & Trivia About Marvel’s Avengers”).

* Hulk was boycotted by 200 cinemas in 2003 after a rise in demanded fees by Disney (Deane “26 Fun Facts”).

* The Human Torch was not in the 1970’s Fantastic Four cartoon not because the network was afraid children would light themselves on fire emulating the hero, but because Universal Studios, which had licensed the Human Torch, blocked the use of him in the show (Perpetua “36 Things”).

* The CGI Incredible Hulk body in the movie The Avengers (2012) was based on bodybuilder Steve Romm while his face was modelled after Mark Ruffalo’s (“28 Fun Facts & Trivia About Marvel’s Avengers”).

* The Incredible Hulk, an aged and deteriorated psychotic landlord who ruled over Logan and his family, had a brutal brawl with Wolverine in the final act of the celebrated miniseries Old Man Logan whee he swallowed Logan whole but died when the Wolverine clawed through his stomach (Castro “15 Superheroes”).

* The Incredible Hulk in the films The Hulk (2003) and The Incredible Hulk (2008) was key-frame animated (“28 Fun Facts & Trivia About Marvel’s Avengers”).

* The Incredible Hulk played by Mark Ruffalo in the film The Avengers (2012) was the first time the superhero role was portrayed via motion capture in a movie (“28 Fun Facts & Trivia About Marvel’s Avengers”).

* The Incredible Hulk was an original Avenger but quit after the first issue and only came back to the team 50 years later when the movie Avengers was released (“50 Marvelous Marvel”).

* The Incredible Hulk was originally made gray by Stan Lee in the first issue of the series The Incredible Hulk in 1962 so as not to suggest any particular ethnic group. The color gray, however, would cause inconsistency problems in printing as colorist Stan Goldberg found out, resulting in different shades of gray; the printing technology at the time was not ideal for the gray color. Thus, Lee change dthe Hulk to green after the first issue (“20 Interesting Facts About Marvel Superheroes”; “50 Marvelous Marvel”). Green was chosen since it was one of the most consistent colors in print at the time (May “10 Little-Known Facts”).

* The Incredible Hulk was the last living human in the Hulk: The End, and as an elderly Bruce Banner, suffered a fatal heart attack, but managed to turn into the Hulk. The stores with the Hulk sitting, knowing that he will cease to exist when he returns to his human form (Castro “15 Superheroes”).

* The Incredible Hulk’s alter ego was originally introduced as Bruce Banner but Stan Lee inadvertently used Bob Banner in some comics so he was given the name Robert Bruce Banner to reconcile the discrepancy (Perpetua “36 Things”).

* Image Comics was founded in 1992 by Todd McFarlane, Jim Lee, Rob Liefeld, and four other major artists after leaving Marvel, causing Marvel’s stock price to drop more than $11 per share (Perpetua “36 Things”).

* The Incredibles 2 teaser trailer, which premiered on November 18, 2017, is the most watched animated movie teaser trailer ever (biggest trailer debut ever for an animated film), with more than 114 million views (Read-Dominguez “Incredibles 2”).

* Iron Man once proposed to the Illuminati to bring the Incredible Hulk off into outer space (“15 Times Iron Man”).

* Jean Grey has died fourteen times in Marvel’s Earth-616 continuity alone (“100 Marvel Facts You May Not Know”).

* Jemm, Son of Saturn #10 (1984) of DC Comics was sold returnable and is reputed to have had a 90% return rate, although its initial print run was well above 40,000 copies (McLauchlin “100 Little-Known Facts…Part 2”).

* Jeremy Renner trained with Olympic archers to prepare for his role as Hawkeye in Avengers (“35 Best Marvel Facts”).

* Jerry Siegel and Joe Shuster, the creators of Superman, sold the charcater to DC Comics for $130, plus a 10-year contract to do the book, 32.5-40% of net proceeds derived from the newspaper strip, and 5% of all other licensing. The duo earned $63,776.46 (equivalent to $986,459.35 in 2017) in Superman income in 1942 alone (McLauchlin “100 Little-Known Facts…Part 1”).

* Jessica Cruz is the first female Green Lantern from Earth, in 2013 (“30 Facts About the Green Lantern”).

* Jihad was a character bent on world domination introduced by Marvel Comics eleven days before 9/11 (“25 Marvel Facts”).

* The John F. Kennedy of the DC universe was abducted by aliens, instead of being assassinated, to fight a tyrannical extraterrestrial government, as revealed in Teen Titans: The Lost Annual #1 (“100 Interesting Facts About DC”).

* John Romita Jr., an artist, set a Guinness World Record by penciling Spider-Man sketches and signing autographs in Times Square for 51 hours, 26 minutes consecutively on May 10-12, 2002, raising more than $10,000 to benefit his niece, who was suffering from brain cancer (McLauchlin “100 Little-Known Facts…Part 3”).

* The Joker also used a utility belt, which contained different gag items, in some old Batman comics (“100 Interesting Facts About DC”).

* The Joker once served as the Iranian ambassador for the United Nations (Cellania “26 Odd”).

* The Joker was hired by Red Skull to steal an atomic bomb in the Marvel and DC crossover comic special “Batman/Captain America” (1997). He attacked Red Skull when he found out that he was a Nazi, shouting, “I may be a criminal lunatic, but I’m an American criminal lunatic” (“30 Awesome DC Comics Facts”).

* The Joker was supposed to be killed off by creator Bob Kane in his very first appearance in Batman No.1 but Whitney Ellsworth, Batman’s editor, saw potential in the villain and onvinced Kane to let him live (May “10 Little-Known Facts”).

* Jon Bogdanove, an artist who used to draw Superman, named his son Kal-El, the Man of steel’s Kryptonian name (McLauchlin “100 Little-Known Facts…Part 3”).

* The Justice League did not have a Black member for 23 years, until 1984, when writer Gerry Conway introduced the Detroit League (“16 Fun Facts You Never Knew”).

* The Justice League of America was once renamed by Hanna-Barbera to Super Friends in the Saturday morning cartoon TV show of the same name in 1973 because the original name was thought to be too aggressively patriotic in light of the Vietnam War (“15 Things You Didn’t Know”). Also see Super Friends/

* Justice League Unlimited (2004–2006) is the first DCAU show to start using CGI vehicles (“Justice League Unlimited”).

* Justice Society of America is the first superhero team (“15 Things You Didn’t Know”).

* Kal-El crashed in Gotham City and was adopted by the Waynes in an alternate universe and became the Batman when they were killed (“85 Enlightening Superhero Facts”).

* Kevin Smith named his daughter Harley Quinn Smith, after the sideick of DC Comics’ The Joker (McLauchlin “100 Little-Known Facts…Part 3”).

* Kitty Pryde was named after a real life classmate of John Byrne at the Alberta College of Art, who went on to change her name in the early 1990’s to avoid unwanted attention from comics fans (Perpetua “36 Things”).

* Kryptonite has over 20 varieties, among them pink Kryptonite, which gives Superman gay tendencies (Cellania “26 Odd”).

* Kyle Rayner is the first and only being to weild all Lantern Corps rings at once (“85 Enlightening Superhero Facts”).

* Lex Luthor contracted cancer because of the kryptonite ring he wore in his right hand, which was amputated (“100 Interesting Facts About DC”).

* The Library of Congress houses the largest comic book collection in the world, with more than 100,000 individual issues (Cellania “26 Odd”).

* Lindsay Lohan auditioned for the role of Wanda “Scarlet Witch” Maximoff in Avengers: Age of Ultron (Deane “26 Fun Facts”).

* Lobo, a Dell African-American hero in a Western-themed comic, is the first African-American comic book character with his own title, appearing in only two issues in 1965 and 1966 due to poor sales. Most copies of the comic were returned by retailers since they didn’t want to sell a comic book featuring a Black hero, according to co-creator Tony Tallarico (“Who Were the First Black Superheroes”).

* Lobo is a DC Comics white alien supervillain from another planet that related to Dell Comics’ Lobo (“Who Were the First Black Superheroes”).

* Lois Lane was inspired by movie reporter Torchy Blaine (Smith “As ‘Action Comics’ Reaches”).

* Loki was introduced in the Marvel Universe 13 years before his brother Thor (Perpetua “36 Things”).

* Loki was recently reincarnated as a teen and wanted to reform, joining the Young Avengers (Tzatzou “Loki Trivia”).

* Lou Ferrigno, the bodybuilder who portrayed the Incredible Hulk in the TV series, contributed to the voice of the Hulk in film The Avengers (2012) (“28 Fun Facts & Trivia About Marvel’s Avengers”).

* Malcolm Merlyn of the TV series Arrow was based on a D-list Justice League America villain, not a Green Arrow nemesis (“16 Fun Facts You Never Knew”).

* A man was facing a foreclosure in 2010 when he found a copy of Action Comics #1, which featured the first appearance of Superman, in his basement and went on to save his home after selling it at only $250,000 due to its poor shape (“100 Interesting Facts About DC”).

* Man-Thing of Marvel and Swamp Thing of DC debuted within weeks of each other in 1971, with their with their co-creator Gerry Conway and Len Wein respectively being roommates at that time (“50 Marvelous Marvel”).

* Marc Silvestri and his brother gained access to the hotel room of DC editor Joe Orlando by pretending to be room service staff during the 1980 Chicago Comicon. Silvestri got his portfolio looked at, and got his first professional assignment – a six-page story in House of Mystery (McLauchlin “100 Little-Known Facts…Part 3”).

* Martin Goodman, the founder of Marvel Comics, tried to convince Stan Lee and Steve Ditko not to introduce Spider-Man since kids hate spiders (Perpetua “36 Things”; Moore “17 Things”; “35 Best Marvel Facts”; May “10 Little-Known Facts”).

* Martin Goodman, the founder of Marvel Comics, went on honeymoon in Europe and tried to book tickets to the German passenger airship LZ 129 Hindenburg for their return trip to the U.S.A. but had to pull out since he could not get two seats next to each other, and instead, booked for a plane. Had he booked earlier, there would not have been Marvel Comics since the Hindenburg was engulfed in flames and was destroyed during its attempt to dock with its mooring mast at Naval Air Station Lakehurst in Manchester Township, New Jersey on May 6, 1937 (Moore “17 Things”; “35 Best Marvel Facts”).

* Marvel Comics owns the Men In Black since it purchased its previous publisher Malibu in 1994 (“35 Best Marvel Facts”).

* Marvel Comics shares dropped from $35 to just $2 by 1996, barely more than the shelf price of the comics they printed (“35 Best Marvel Facts”).

* Marvel Comics was originally known as Timely Comics in the late 1930’s and early 1940’s and Atlas Comics in the 1950’s (Moore “17 Things”; “35 Best Marvel Facts”).

* Marvel Comics wrote backstories for the toy franchises of G.I. Joe and Transformers (stories that will go with the toys which were created first)

* Marvel got more than $1 million in Heroclix royalties alone in 2003 (McLauchlin “100 Little-Known Facts…Part 3”).

* Marvel stories largely take place in New York City partly because it is where Marvel Comics has always been based. DC stories, on the other hand, occur in fictional areas (Moore “17 Things”).

* Marvel Strange Tales #110 (July 1963), the comic book which first featured Doctor Strange, had been sold for $61,000 at an auction (Flessa “Doctor Strange”).

* Melbourne was almost named Batmania, after John Batman, one of it’s founding fathers (“100 Interesting Facts About DC”).

* Michael Jackson and Shaquille O’Neal lobbied for parts in the first X-Men movie (DiMatteo “25 Facts”).

* Michael Jackson owned a huge collection of Marvel and DC comics and memorabilia (Moore “17 Things”).

* Michael Jackson planned to buy Marvel Comics in the late 1990’s since he wanted to play Spider-Man in a film (Perpetua “36 Things”).

* Michael Keaton was so against Batman Forever that even $15 million couldn’t convince him to reprise his role (“100 Interesting Facts About DC”).

* Mike Banks, a retailer, of Samurai Comics in Phoenix, Arizona came up with a brilliant idea for cheap advertising that got him some new customers, by making good use of the competing promotional offers of both DC Comics and Marvel Comics. DC Comics relased the highly successful Batman: The 10 Cent Adventure in 2002, which resulted to 16 comic stores ordering 10,000 or more copies; Marvel’s answer was a nine-cent Fantastic Four #60. Banks put a store sticker with address and contact number on more than 1,000 issues and gave them to a local Dominos Pizza to be delivered free with order (McLauchlin “100 Little-Known Facts…Part 1”).

* Mike Grell broke Walter Simonson’s record for DC Comics’ highest starting page rate for pencils, $43/page vs $40/page for his debut, a seven-page Aquaman story in DC’s Adventure Comics #435. It was increased to $45/page after editor Joe Orlando liked his job (McLauchlin “100 Little-Known Facts…Part 1”).

* Mr. Immortal is a Marvel superhero whose only power is immortality (“25 Marvel Facts”).

* Mogo, a member of the Green Lantern Corps, is an actual sentient planet (“100 Interesting Facts About DC”).

* Namor the Submariner of Marvel was the first flying superhero back when Superman was still leaping tall buildings (“50 Marvelous Marvel”).

* Nicolas Cage (real name: Nicolas Coppola) chose his stage name as a tribute to Luke Cage of Marvel Comics (“50 Marvelous Marvel”).

* Nicolas Cage earned $20 Million to play Superman in Superman Lives in 1997, even if he did not actually played the Man of Steel since the film got canceled (“100 Interesting Facts About DC”).

* Nicolas Cage named his son Kal-el (“100 Interesting Facts About DC”).

* The One Above All, an all-powerful all-knowing entity who takes the form of Jack Kirby when interacting with others, is the most powerful in the Marvel Universe (“35 Best Marvel Facts”).

* Attendance at the Orlando MegaCon had a grown by leaps in the last 13 years: 16,800 in 2003, 20,500 in 2004, 69,000 in 2014, and over 100,000 in 2016 (McLauchlin “100 Little-Known Facts…Part 3”).

* Pepper Potts in the film The Avengers (2012), portrayed by Gwyneth Paltrow, was always barefoot in Stark Tower since Paltrow was taller than Downey at 5’9” and he had to wear lifts in his shoes to appear taller (“28 Fun Facts & Trivia About Marvel’s Avengers”).

* Peter Parker was once bitten by a radioactive sheep in an alternate reality, transforming him into a superhero called Sheep-Boy (Cellania “26 Odd”).

* Power Man (alter ego: Luke Cage) is the first Black superhero at either Marvel or DC to get his own comic book series (“Who Were the First Black Superheroes”).

* The Punisher had been killed at least 10 times in the comics (Castro “15 Superheroes”).

* Ragman (alter ego: Rory Regan), one of the few Jewish superheroes in the DC universe, wears a suit of rags made from the souls of evildoers (“Ragman”).

* Ralph Macchio, Marvel comic book editor, is often mistaken as the actor of the same name who starred in Karate Kid. He once spent 15 minutes on the telephone with a fan reading fake lines from a made-up Karate Kid Part 5 script even if there were only three original Karate Kid movies which starred Macchio (McLauchlin “100 Little-Known Facts…Part 3”).

* Richard Isanove, a colorist, colored Marvel’s Origin series direct from the pencils and backwards. He was left handed while penciler Andy Kubert was right-handed so he had to scan and flip the pages to color them left-handed (McLauchlin “100 Little-Known Facts…Part 1”).

* Salvador Larroca, an artist, had a home in the shape of a “4” with a large 4-shaped “porthole” window upstairs because he earned a lot in drawing the Fantastic Four due to the U.S. dollar-to-Spanish exchange rate at the time (McLauchlin “100 Little-Known Facts…Part 3”).

* Santa Claus in the DC universe is a powerful 1,800 year-old immortal entity whose bone dust was once snorted like cocaine by John Constantine (“100 Interesting Facts About DC”).

* Scarlett Johansson, who portrayed Black Widow in Avengers: Age of Ultron (2015), had three stunt doubles since she was pregnant during the filming of the film (Deane “26 Fun Facts”).

* The name Shazam stands for the attributes of several mythical figures – Solomon’s wisdom, Hercules’ strength, Atlas’ stamina, Zeus’ power, Achilles’ courage, and Mercury’s speed (Gogoi “Shazam”).

* Shazam was originally named Captain Marvel, but had to take its current name after a legal battle with Marvel Comics for the use of the name (Gogoi “Shazam”).

* She-Hulk was created by Marvel after it found out that the popular Incredible Hulk TV series had a plan to introduce a female Hulk. They inaugural issue of The Savage She-Hulk was rushed so Marvel could hold the copyright and trademark (Perpetua “36 Things”).

* Snowflame was a DC supervillain in the late 1980’s who was a olombian drug lord who got his powers by snorting cocaine (“50 Delightful DC”; Yezpitelok and Rio “6 Most Bizarrely Offensive”).

* Spider-Ham, a spider-pig whose identity was Peter Porker, was created by Marvel Comics (“25 Marvel Facts”).

* The Amazing Spider-man, the film, employed more than 1,000 people (Lewis “30 Super Facts”).

* The Amazing Spider-man Volume 1 ended in December 2012, on the 700th issue (“50 Facts About Spider-man”).

* Spider-man had been killed at least 7 times in the comics (Castro “15 Superheroes”).

* Spider-man had hands six arms at one point and even became a giant spider (Lewis “30 Super Facts”).

* Spider-man (alter ego: Peter Parker) has an IQ of 250 (“50 Facts About Spider-man”).

* Spider-man has a total of 8 cartoon TV shows: Spider-man (1967), Spider-man (1981), Spider-man and His Amazing Friends (1981), Spider-man: The Animated Series (1994), Spider-man Unlimited (1999), Spider-man: The New Animated Series (2003), The Spectacular Spider-man (2008), and Ultimate Spider-man (2012) (“50 Facts About Spider-man”).

* Spider-man in Sam Raimi’s films had organic web shooters rather than mechanical ones (“50 Facts About Spider-man”).

* Spider-man is not a part of the Avengers because Marvel had sold the rights to Sony (“25 Marvel Facts”).

* Spider-man is the first teenage superhero to not be a sidekick of an adult hero (“50 Facts About Spider-man”).

* Spider-man is weak to the pesticide ethyl chloride (“50 Facts About Spider-man”).

* Spider-man once became part of the Fantastic Four, then called the Future Foundation, when the Human Torch died (“50 Facts About Spider-man”).

* Spider-man: Reign (2007), a four issue miniseries, tells of a possible future where Mary Jane dies from cancer caused by Peter Peter’s radioactive sperm (“50 Facts About Spider-man”).

* Spider-man: The Animated Series (1994) was heavily censored by Fox. The entire season only had three punches thrown. Killing was a no-no, with the word “kill” replaced by “destroy” and villains were sent to alternate dimensions and not killed off (“50 Facts About Spider-man”).

* Spider-man uses quips in his fights with villains distract them and make him relax (“50 Facts About Spider-man”).

* Spider-Man was originally contemplated to be named Fly-Man or Isect-Man by Stan Lee (“50 Marvelous Marvel”).

* Spider-Man’s black costume was designed by a fan who joined a competition for aspiring writers and artists organized by Marvel, and was bought by Jim Shooter, Marvel’s editor-in-chief, for $220 in the 1980’s. It was introduced as an alien “symbiote’ and became known as Venom, one of the most famous foes of Spider-Man (Perpetua “36 Things”; “35 Best Marvel Facts”).

* Spider-Man’s name has a hyphen to avoid it being confused with Superman in print (Perpetua “36 Things”).

* Spider-man’s webs is strong enough to restrain the Incredible Hulk (“50 Facts About Spider-man”).

* Stan Drake, a legendary comic strip artist, used to keep one foot in a bucket of ice water to keep him awake while working overnight on tight deadlines (McLauchlin “100 Little-Known Facts…Part 3”).

* Stan Goldberg, an artist, received from Marvel Comics a four-foot stack of original art with material dating back to the 1950’s in April 2004 (McLauchlin “100 Little-Known Facts…Part 1”).

* Stan Lee bought Marvel stock at $7.48 on March 18, 2002. He made a 4x multiple on his investment when Disney acquired Marvel and was given a partial share of Disney stock for each Marvel share he owned, each of which would be worth the equivalent of $78.80 by 2017 (McLauchlin “100 Little-Known Facts…Part 1”).

* Stan Lee cameos in nearly every Marvel live-action film (Moore “17 Things”).

* Stan Lee sued Marvel Comics in 2005, claiming that it did not paid him the 10% of profits from superhero movies that he was owed (Moore “17 Things”).

* Stan Lee was a judo instructor in the U.S. Army in World War II (McLauchlin “100 Little-Known Facts…Part 1”).

* Stan Lee wrote a large part of his Marvel Universe stories while standing (McLauchlin “100 Little-Known Facts…Part 1”).

* Stan Lee wrote for DC Comics in the past, on a series called “Just Imagine” where he rewrote some of the company’s most famous superheroes, among them Batman, Superman, Wonder Woman, and many other members of the Justice League (Moore “17 Things”).

* Steve Rogers, the alter ego of Captain America, once worked as a comic book artist in his civilian identity and he drew Captain America (“50 Marvelous Marvel”).

* Storm (alter ego: Ororo Munroe) is the first Black female superhero, introduced in 1975 in Giant-Size X-Men #1 (“Who Were the First Black Superheroes”).

* Storm is the first Black member of the X-Men (“Who Were the First Black Superheroes”).

* Storm married Black Panther in the comics but the marriage did not last (“Who Were the First Black Superheroes”).

* Storm was the first female African-American superhero (DiMatteo “25 Facts”).

* Storm was married to the Black Panther (DiMatteo “25 Facts”).

* Super Friends aired 109 episodes over 13 years up to 1986 and introduced a racially diverse rooseter of characters by inventing four characters, namely Apache Chief, Samurai, El Dorado, and Black Vulcan (“15 Things You Didn’t Know”). Also see Justice League of America.

* The trademark for “superhero” (along with alternate spellings such as super hero and super-hero) is shared by DC Comics and Marvel Comics since the late 1970’s (“50 Marvelous Marvel”). Cup ‘O Java, a small publisher, was brought to court by the comic book giants in 2013 for a book it published, “A World Without Superheroes.” They also sued the entrepreneur who wrote the business book “Business Zero To Superhero” (Moore “17 Things”).

* Many of Superman’s supporting cast have the initials L.L. – Lois Lane, Lana Lang, Linda Lee, Lori Lemaris, Lupe Leocadio, Lyla Lerrol, Letitia Lerner, Lara Lor-Van, and Lex Luthor (“50 Delightful DC”).

* Superman compresses his spine when he is Clark Kent to appear shorter than the Man of Steel (Cellania “26 Odd”).

* Superman faced off with Spider-Man in the comic book Superman vs. the Amazing Spider-Man (1976) (Narcisse “That Weird Time”).

* Superman had a brutal brawl with Doomsday and due to his massive injuries, died in the 1992 storyline The Death of Superman in Superman vol. 2 #75, the most publicized death of any superhero (Castro “15 Superheroes”).

* Superman has been ranked #1 on IGN’s top 100 superheroes, followed by Batman and Spider-man in that order (“Top 100 Comic Book Heroes”).

* Superman landed in a Ukrainian collective and became a hero of the USSR in an alternative version of the Superman comics (“100 Interesting Facts About DC”).

* Superman once recorded a sex tape after his mind was controlled by the villain Sleez (Cellania “26 Odd”).

* Superman teamed up with Muhammad Ali to stop an alien invasion in a 1978 comic book (“100 Interesting Facts About DC”).

* Superman was once bitten by Dracula but the vampire exploded since Superman is powered by the Sun (“100 Interesting Facts About DC”).

* Superman was killed by the alien life-form The Murder Man (a.k.a. Zunial) with a Kryptonite radio wave in Superman #188, the second time the Man of Steel was killed off in the comics (Castro “15 Superheroes”).

* Superman also died in Justice League of America #145 (1977), Action Comics #583 (1986), and the New 52, bringing his total death count in the comics to at least 5 (Castro “15 Superheroes”).

* Superman was originally planned as a bald telepathic megalomanical villain bent on world domination (“100 Interesting Facts About DC”).

* The Teen Titans cartoon is a spin-off of the Justice League franchise (“Justice League Fun Facts”).

* Thanos is listed as 6’7” in Marvel.com although Hot Toys’ Thanos Sixth Scale Figure for the Avengers: Infinity War movie stands 41 cm., or about 8 ft., making Thanos taller in the film than in the comic book (Wallace “Marvel Superhero Height”).

* Tony Stark (Iron Man) has been choked in every film he has been featured in the Marvel Cinematic Universe (MCU), the fifth time of which was by Thor in Avengers: Age of Ultron (2015) (Deane “26 Fun Facts”).

* Tony Stark owns Area 51 in the Marvel comics (Muse “10 Weird Facts”).

* Many Transformers, among them Optimus Prime and Megatron, were given their English names by Marvel Comics editors (“50 Marvelous Marvel”).

* Ultron was created by Dr. Hank Pym (Ant-Man) in the comics, as opposed to the movie where he was developed by Tony Stark (“15 Interesting Facts and Trivia”).

* The University of Victoria in Canada offers a course in the science of Batman (“100 Interesting Facts About DC”).

* Vibe was a DC superhero who breakdanced to create sound waves that was later killed off (“30 Awesome DC Comics Facts”).

* The Wall is a Marvel super villain who is a sentinet chunk of wall with no arms (Muse “10 Weird Facts”).

* Walter Simonson was given by DC Comics its highest starting page rate for pencils plus inks in 1972 for his DC debut, at $40/page for a story in Weird War Tales #10 (McLauchlin “100 Little-Known Facts…Part 1”). Also see Mike Grell.

* Warner considered licensing the publishing rights for DC’s superheroes to Marvel in the mid 1980’s but it passed on the offer (“50 Delightful DC”).

* All 12 original Watchmen covers sold as a group at a Sotheby’s auction in 1993 for $17,250 (McLauchlin “100 Little-Known Facts…Part 3”).

* The cover to Watchmen #1 alone sold for $155,350 at a Heritage auction in 2013.
(McLauchlin “100 Little-Known Facts…Part 3”).

* Wizard: The Comics Magazine #141 (June 2003) had an advertising revenue of $125,056.25 (McLauchlin “100 Little-Known Facts…Part 1”).

* Wolverine has regenerated from a single drop of blood (“85 Enlightening Superhero Facts”).

* Wolverine originally wore gloves with claws attached rather than having retractable claws in The Incredible Hulk #180 (1974) (“20 Interesting Facts About Marvel Superheroes”).

* Wolverine was originally conceptualized as a wolverine who mutated into a human (“35 Best Marvel Facts”).

* Wonder Man was killed off by Marvel in deference to DC’s Wonder Woman but brought him back after DC created Power Girl while Marvel has Power Man (“50 Marvelous Marvel”).

* Wonder Woman died after a brutal attack from Neron in Wonder Woman vol. 2 #124-125, the issue of which was released on the same day, August 31, 1997, when another Princess Diana died, Princess Diana of Wales, in a car accident (Castro “15 Superheroes”).

* Wonder Woman lost her powers for a period in the late 1960’s to the early 1970’s (Cellania “26 Odd”).

* Wonder Woman was supposed to be named Suprema but the idea had to be dropped since it was deemed too similar to Siperman (“50 Delightful DC”).

* Wonder Woman was turned into clay, the matter with which she was first created, in the Crisis on Infinite Earths series, the most notable among the five deaths of the heroine in her 70 year existence (Castro “15 Superheroes”).

* Zeitgeist, an X-Force mutant, uses incredibly corrosive acid vomit (DiMatteo “25 Facts”).

* The word zombie was trademarked by Marvel Comics for two decades (1976-1996). The trademark, however, was unenforceable, in practical terms, so Marvel revised the trademark to Marvel zombies (Moore “17 Things”; Perpetua “36 Things”; “35 Best Marvel Facts”).

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Cellania, Miss. “26 Odd But True Comic Book Facts.” Neatorama. 30 Jul. 2014. 15 May 2018
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Deane, Derrick. “26 Fun Facts to Know About Avengers: Age of Ultron.” Ranker. 11 May 2018
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Hughes, Mark. “’Avengers: Infinity War’ Tops $1.5 Billion as Biggest Superhero Film in History.” Forbes. 11 May 2018. 14 May 2018

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Moore, Rose. “17 Things You Didn’t Know About Marvel Comics.” Screen Rant. 4 Aug. 2016. 18 May 2018
Morris, Jon. “Most Literal Superhero in Comic Book History, The.” Slate. 13 Jul. 2015.

Muse, Willie. “10 Weird Facts About Marvel That Will Blow Your Mind.” College Humor. 15 Jun. 2017. 20 May 2018

Narcisse, Evan. “That Weird Time DC and Marvel Joined Forces.” Kotaku. 27 Mar. 2016. 18 May 2018

Perpetua, Matthew. “36 Things You Probably Don’t Know About Marvel Comics.” Buzz Feed. 9 Jul. 2014. 13 May 2018
Peters, Mark. “8 Regrettable (But Still Kind of Awesome) Superheroes.” Mental Floss. 4 Jun. 2015. 18 May 2018

“Ragman.” Comic Vine. 11 May 2018
Read-Dominguez, Jennifer. “Incredibles 2 is Now the Most Watched Animated Movie Teaser Trailer EVER.” Digital Spy. 21 Nov. 2017. 18 May 2018

“17 Bizarre Facts About the Flash’s Body.” Screen Rant. 20 May 2018
“16 Fun Facts You Never Knew About the Justice League.” Screen Rant. 20 May 2018
Smith, Andrew A. “As ‘Action Comics’ Reaches No. 1,000, Here are 7 Fun Facts About Superman’s Series.” Star Tribune. 7 May 2018. 20 May 2018

“Things You Should Know About X-Men: Apocalypse.” Ranker. 18 May 2018
“30 Awesome DC Comics Facts.” Imgur. 2 Feb. 2014. 14 May 2018
“30 Facts About the Green Lantern.” The Fact Site. 14 May 2018
“35 Best Marvel Facts – List of MCU + Comic Trivia.” Tell Tales Online. 26 Mar. 2018. 20 May 2018

“Top 100 Comic Book Heroes.” IGN Entertainment. 20 May 2018

“25 Marvel Facts.” 9gag. 20 May 2018
“20 Interesting Facts About Marvel Superheroes.” Kick Ass Facts. 15 May 2018
Tzatzou, Christine. “Loki Trivia: 30 Amazing Facts about Marvel’s Superhero!” Useless Daily. 29 Nov. 2017. 20 May 2018
Vicky. “50 Superb Facts About the Flash Which You Need to Know.” Heros Fact. 8 Apr. 2018.

Wallace, Edward. “Marvel Superhero Height Comparison – How Tall is Thanos?” Fortress of Solitude. 28 Apr. 2018. 14 May 2018
“Who Were the First Black Superheroes?” History Guy Media. Modified: 6 May 2017. 1 May 2018
Yezpitelok, Maxwell and Chris Rio. “6 Most Bizarrely Offensive Comic Book Supervillains, The.” Cracked. 28 Dec. 2013. 14 May 2018

Trivia Unlimited `

TRIVIA NO. 363: Yanson Group of Bus Companies, which includes Ceres Liner (established: 1968), is the largest land transport company in the Philippines, operating a little over 2,000 transport vehicles as of January 2008 and operating in nearly 80% of the bus routes in the Visayas and Mindanao as well as some part of Luzon.
SOURCE: “Ceres Liner RTMI Vallacar Transit.” Facebook. 29 Feb. 2012. 9 Dec. 2017 <https://www.facebook.com/permalink.php?story_fbid=325676854151400&id=325386977513721 >

TRIVIA NO. 362: Zhou Qunfei, Founder of Lens Technology, is the youngest self-made female billionaire in the world, at 47 with a net worth is $8.93 billion, according to the Bloomberg Billionaires Index. She dropped out of school at age 16 and established her own company at age 22 with $3,000.
SOURCE: Mikel, Betsy. “How the World’s Youngest Self-Made Woman Billionaire Started With Just $3,000.” Inc. 9 Dec. 2017 <https://www.inc.com/betsy-mikel/how-a-poor-factory-worker-turned-3000-into-an-emp.html >

TRIVIA NO. 361: World War Z of Paramont Pictures (2013) is the highest grossing zombie movie from 1980, with a domestic Canada and US box office gross in theaters of $202,359,711.
SOURCE: “Zombie, 1980-Present.” Box Office Mojo. 7 Dec. 2017 <http://www.com/genres/chart/?id=zombie.htm >

TRIVIA NO. 360: The U.S.A. has more young billionaires than any other country, at 24 including 4 immigrants, and 70% of them live in the state of California.
SOURCE: Vinton, Kate. “Youngest Billionaires in the World 2017: 56 Under 40, The.” Forbes. 20 Mar. 2017. 9 Dec. 2017 <https://www.forbes.com/sites/katevinton/2017/03/20/youngest-billionaires-2017-zuckerberg-spiegel-collison/#266d09916a28 >

TRIVIA NO. 359: China has the biggest number of self-made billionaires in the world, at 56, according to the Hurun Global Rich List 2017 series.
SOURCE: Brinded, Lianna. “9 Youngest Self-Made Female Billionaires in the World, The.” Business Insider. 12 Mar. 2017. 9 Dec. 2017 <http://uk.businessinsider.com/hurun-richest-youngest-self-made-female-billionaires-in-the-world-2017-3 >

TRIVIA NO. 358: Billionaires under age 40 who made their fortunes in tech number to 23, more than any other industry, followed by 7 in health care, according to the 2017 World’s Billionaires List.
SOURCE: Vinton, Kate. “Youngest Billionaires in the World 2017: 56 Under 40, The.” Forbes. 20 Mar. 2017. 9 Dec. 2017 <https://www.forbes.com/sites/katevinton/2017/03/20/youngest-billionaires-2017-zuckerberg-spiegel-collison/#266d09916a28 >

TRIVIA NO. 357: Alexandra Andresen is the youngest billionaire in the world on the 2017 World’s Billionaires List, at 20 with a $1.2 billion fortune.
SOURCE: Vinton, Kate. “Youngest Billionaires in the World 2017: 56 Under 40, The.” Forbes. 20 Mar. 2017. 9 Dec. 2017 <https://www.forbes.com/sites/katevinton/2017/03/20/youngest-billionaires-2017-zuckerberg-spiegel-collison/#266d09916a28 >

TRIVIA NO. 356: Joseph Calata joined a networking operation that sold multivitamins and food supplements while studying B.S. Management of Financial Institutions at De La Salle University (DLSU) and earned a P400,000 commission in just 5 months.
SOURCE: “PH’s Youngest Self-Made Billionaire Shares Secrets to Success.” Business News. 9 Dec. 2017 <https://www.businessnews.com.ph/phs-youngest-self-made-billionaire-shares-secrets-success-20170530/ >

TRIVIA NO. 355: Joseph Calata is the youngest entrepreneur/businessman to list his company through an initial public offering at the Philippine Stock Exchange (PSE) and the youngest chairman of a PSE-listed company, at 31, in 2012.
SOURCE:
1. “PH’s Youngest Self-Made Billionaire Shares Secrets to Success.” Business News. 9 Dec. 2017 <https://www.businessnews.com.ph/phs-youngest-self-made-billionaire-shares-secrets-success-20170530/ >
2. “Joseph Calata Solidifies Ownership in Calata Corp.” Food Evolution. 28 Jun. 2017. 9 Dec. 2017 <http://www.fcom.ph/2017/06/joseph-calata-solidifies-ownership-calata-corp/ >

TRIVIA NO. 354: Joseph Calata, CEO of the Calata Corporation, is the youngest self-made billionaire in the Philippines, at 31, in 2012.
SOURCE: “PH’s Youngest Self-Made Billionaire Shares Secrets to Success.” Business News. 9 Dec. 2017 <https://www.businessnews.com.ph/phs-youngest-self-made-billionaire-shares-secrets-success-20170530/ >

TRIVIA NO. 311: Pluto orbits the Sun in 248 Earth years.
SOURCE: Cosmic Documentary. “MYSTERY OF OUTER PLANETS | Space documentary | Outer space discovery.” YouTube. 27 Dec. 2016. 2 Nov. 2017 <https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=N6Vo2Lmi1Nw >

TRIVIA NO. 310: Pluto has a day length of 6.4 Earth days.
SOURCE: Cosmic Documentary. “MYSTERY OF OUTER PLANETS | Space documentary | Outer space discovery.” YouTube. 27 Dec. 2016. 2 Nov. 2017 <https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=N6Vo2Lmi1Nw&gt;

TRIVIA NO. 309: In Pluto, a 150 lbs. Earthling will be 10 lbs.
SOURCE: Cosmic Documentary. “MYSTERY OF OUTER PLANETS | Space documentary | Outer space discovery.” YouTube. 27 Dec. 2016. 2 Nov. 2017 <https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=N6Vo2Lmi1Nw&gt;

TRIVIA NO. 308: Neptune has the highest ratio of heat outflow to inflow of any planet in the Solar System, radiating twice as much heat from its interior as it gets from the Sun.
SOURCE: Cosmic Documentary. “MYSTERY OF OUTER PLANETS | Space documentary | Outer space discovery.” YouTube. 27 Dec. 2016. 2 Nov. 2017 <https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=N6Vo2Lmi1Nw&gt;

TRIVIA NO. 308: A lone unnamed Viking single handedly faced and delayed an ambushing army of 15,000 Saxons in 1066 AD at Stamford Bridge to give his outnumbered 9,000 Viking comrades time to retreat. He killed more than 40 Saxons with his axe, holding the army back for over an hour, until one of them went below the bridge and thrust his spear into the Viking’s groin, according to the Anglo-Saxon Chronicle (9th Century).
SOURCE:
1. Thompson, Ben. “7 Most Badass Last Stands in the History of Battle, The.” Cracked. 7 Nov., 2009. 2 Nov. 2017 <http://www.cracked.com/article/197_the-7-most-badass-last-stands-in-history-battle/&gt;
2. IDocsTV “7 Most Incredible One Man Last Stands in History.” YouTube. 15 Aug. 2017. 2 Nov. 2017 <https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=qP9QUA2e7QE&gt;

TRIVIA NO. 307: (Saito) Musashibo Benkei (武蔵坊弁慶) (1155–1189), a Japanese sōhei “warrior monk” who served Minamoto no Yoshitsune, single handedly faced an army at the drawbridge in front of the main gate of the castle to buy time for his lord to commit seppuku “ritual disembowelment” after they were encircled by his lord’s elder brother Minamoto no Yoritomo’s men at the castle of Koromogawa no tate in 1189 AD.
Benkei, using his naginata “halberd,” is said to have killed in excess of 300 fully trained soldiers before he was peppered with arrows. Legend has it that Benkei just stood there, weapon at the ready, passing away while standing. Some of the arrows sticking out of his body though might have kept him upright. His last stand is known as the Benkei no Tachi Ōjō “Standing Death of Benkei” (弁慶の立往生) (Thompso “7 Most Badass Last Stands”; “Useful Notes”).
SOURCE:
1. Thompson, Ben. “7 Most Badass Last Stands in the History of Battle, The.” Cracked. 7 Nov., 2009. 2 Nov. 2017 <http://www.cracked.com/article/197_the-7-most-badass-last-stands-in-history-battle/&gt;
2. “Useful Notes / Musashibo Benkei.” TV Tropes. 2 Nov. 2017 <http://tvtropes.org/…/pmwiki.php/UsefulNotes/MusashiboBenkei&gt;

TRIVIA NO. 306: Dian Wei (D: 197), a personal bodyguard of the Wei King Cao Cao (曹操) (155-220), took his last stand against the troops of Zhang Xiu (張繡) (D: 207) (a minor warlord of the late Han Dynasty) at the Battle of Wancheng in 197 AD to cover his lord’s escape. He stood at the entrance and with a pair of 40-lbs. axes killed at least 20 enemy soldiers, perhaps more, before some more entered the premises from a different direction and attacked him from behind, ultimately overpowering and slaying him, according to the 三国志 Sanguozhi “Records of the Three Kingdoms” by Chen Shou (陈寿), one of the sishi 四史 “Four (Great) Histories” of ancient China and describes separately the history of each of the Three Kingdoms 三國 (220~280 CE).
SOURCE:
1. Thompson, Ben. “7 Most Badass Last Stands in the History of Battle, The.” Cracked. 7 Nov., 2009. 2 Nov. 2017 <http://www.cracked.com/article/197_the-7-most-badass-last-stands-in-history-battle/&gt;
2. “Sanguozhi 三國志.” China Knowledge. 2 Nov. 2017 <http://www.chinaknowledge.de/…/Historiography/sanguozhi.html&gt;

TRIVIA NO. 305: Sempronius Densus, a Roman Imperial Guard, single handedly faced an army of 1,000 mutinous Roman soldiers bent on assassinating Emperor Galba in 69 AD. He was brought down by a blow to the back of the knee before he was slain by the invaders.
SOURCE: Thompson, Ben. “7 Most Badass Last Stands in the History of Battle, The.” Cracked. 7 Nov., 2009. 2 Nov. 2017 <http://www.cracked.com/article/197_the-7-most-badass-last-stands-in-history-battle/&gt;

TRIVIA NO. 304: Dark matter consist 80% of the universe; the other less than 20% include the planets, stars, moons, and galaxies.
SOURCE: ADVEXON TV. “Strange Side of Universe – Documentary [1080p].” YouTube. 28 Sep. 2017. 2 Nov. 2017 <https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=bOux1egnuYk&gt;

TRIVIA NO. 303: In ultraluminous infrared galaxies (ULIRGs), about 100 new stars are formed yearly; in the Milky Way galaxy, about 1 new star the size of the Sun is born every year
SOURCE: ADVEXON TV. “Strange Side of Universe – Documentary [1080p].” YouTube. 28 Sep. 2017. 2 Nov. 2017 <https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=bOux1egnuYk&gt;

TRIVIA NO. 302: Earth’s moon is the only satellite in the Solar System that perfectly eclipses the Sun.
SOURCE: ADVEXON TV. “Strange Side of Universe – Documentary [1080p].” YouTube. 28 Sep. 2017. 2 Nov. 2017 <https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=bOux1egnuYk&gt;

TRIVIA NO. 301: Moons/satellites in the Solar System: about 240
SOURCE: ADVEXON TV. “Strange Side of Universe – Documentary [1080p].” YouTube. 28 Sep. 2017. 2 Nov. 2017 <https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=bOux1egnuYk&gt;

TRIVIA NO. 300: G34.3 has a diameter 1,000 times the diameter of the Solar System
SOURCE: Browne, Malcolm W. “Alcohol-Laden Cloud Holds the Story of a Star.” The New York Times. 30 May 1995. 2 Nov. 2017 <http://www.nytimes.com/1995/05/30/science/alcohol-laden-cloud-holds-the-story-of-a-star.html&gt;

TRIVIA NO. 299: G34.3 (discovered: 1995), a gas cloud 10,000 light-years away in the constellation Aquila, contains enough alcohol to supply 300,000 pints (a pint = 473 ml) of beer every day to every human being on Earth for the next billion years
The discovery of G34.3’s alcoholic content was the first time such a vast amount had been detected in a celestial body.
SOURCE:
1. Browne, Malcolm W. “Alcohol-Laden Cloud Holds the Story of a Star.” The New York Times. 30 May 1995. 2 Nov. 2017 <http://www.nytimes.com/1995/05/30/science/alcohol-laden-cloud-holds-the-story-of-a-star.html&gt;
2. ADVEXON TV. “Strange Side of Universe – Documentary [1080p].” YouTube. 28 Sep. 2017. 2 Nov. 2017 <https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=bOux1egnuYk&gt;

TRIVIA NO. 298: The Voyager 1 and Voyager 2 missions were launched to take advantage of a special alignment of the outer planets that occurs every 176 years, which allows a spacecraft to slingshot from one planet to the next, assisted by the first planet’s gravity
SOURCE: Howell, Elizabeth. “Voyager 1: Earth’s Farthest Spacecraft.” Space. 31 May 2017. 2 Nov. 2017 <https://www.space.com/17688-voyager-1.html&gt;

TRIVIA NO. 297: Voyager 1 almost didn’t get off the ground at its launch because ts rocket came within 3.5 seconds of running out of fuel
SOURCE: Howell, Elizabeth. “Voyager 1: Earth’s Farthest Spacecraft.”
Space. 31 May 2017. 2 Nov. 2017 <https://www.space.com/17688-voyager-1.html&gt;

TRIVIA NO. 296: Voyager 1 will stop transmitting data to Earth by about 2025 because of its falling power supply.
SOURCE: Howell, Elizabeth. “Voyager 1: Earth’s Farthest Spacecraft.” Space. 31 May 2017. 2 Nov. 2017 <https://www.space.com/17688-voyager-1.html&gt;

TRIVIA NO. 295: Voyager 1 will come within 1.7 light-years of the star AC +79 3888 (which is roughly 17.5 light-years from Earth) in 40,000 years, assuming it is not destroyed during its journey
SOURCE: Howell, Elizabeth. “Voyager 1: Earth’s Farthest Spacecraft.” Space. 31 May 2017. 2 Nov. 2017 <https://www.space.com/17688-voyager-1.html&gt;

TRIVIA NO. 294: Voyager 1 was 12.97 billion mi. (20.87 billion km.) from Earth, or more than 139 times the distance from the planet to the Sun, as of September 1, 2017; Voyager 2, about 10.67 billion mi. (17.17 billion km.) for the same date
SOURCE: Wall, Mike. “Voyager 1, Humanity’s Farthest Spacecraft, Marks 40 Years in Space.” Space. 5 Sep. 2017. 2 Nov. 2017 <https://www.space.com/38041-voyager-1-farthest-spacecraft-40-years-in-space.html&gt;

TRIVIA NO. 293: Voyager 1 is the first spacecraft and human-made object to to reach interstellar space (the region of space between star systems within a galaxy), on August 25, 2012, almost 35 years after its voyage began
SOURCE: Wall, Mike. “Voyager 1, Humanity’s Farthest Spacecraft, Marks 40 Years in Space.” Space. 5 Sep. 2017. 2 Nov. 2017 <https://www.space.com/38041-voyager-1-farthest-spacecraft-40-years-in-space.html&gt;

TRIVIA NO. 292: Io, a moon of Jupiter, has at least eight erupting volcanoes, making it far more volcanically active than Earth, data from Voyager 1 showed
SOURCE: Wall, Mike. “Voyager 1, Humanity’s Farthest Spacecraft, Marks 40 Years in Space.”
Space. 5 Sep. 2017. 2 Nov. 2017 <https://www.space.com/38041-voyager-1-farthest-spacecraft-40-years-in-space.html&gt;

TRIVIA NO. 291: Europa, a moon of Jupiter, may harbor an ocean of water beneath its icy crust, based on data from Voyager 1, a notion that subsequent NASA missions have pretty much confirmed.
SOURCE: Wall, Mike. “Voyager 1, Humanity’s Farthest Spacecraft, Marks 40 Years in Space.”
Space. 5 Sep. 2017. 2 Nov. 2017 <https://www.space.com/38041-voyager-1-farthest-spacecraft-40-years-in-space.html&gt;

TRIVIA NO. 290: Tarantula Nebula or NGC 2070 30 Doradus (discovered: July 2010), a gigantic factory-star 1,000 light years wide, is the largest emission nebula known to man.
SOURCE: “Tarantula Nebula, Largest Known Nebula.” Astronoo. Updated: 1 Jun. 2013. 2 Nov. 2017 <http://www.astronoo.com/en/articles/nebula-tarantula.html&gt;

Culture Nurture – Dumaguete City: A Historian-Traveler’s Memoir of Serenity and Gentleness Part I By: James U. Sy Jr.

After two semesters of immersing myself in the academe I finally decided to unwind and have some peace of mind. Several locations came to mind at first – Vigan, Tibiao, Siquijor, Cebu – but ultimately I decided to revisit Dumaguete City “The City of Gentle People,” the capital of Negros Oriental. I first set foot in the place in the mid 2000’s, when I was still working as an Auditor at BEMI.

 
The etymology of the name of the city itself gives a hint at its curious past. Jesuit priest cum cartographer (map maker) Fr. Pedro Murillo Velarde used the name Dumaguete in 1734 in his now famous map, although Diego Lopez Povedano referred to it as Dananguet in 1572. The name Dumaguete was derived from the Cebuano word daggit “to snatch” and ultimately from its derivative term dumaguet “to swoop,” in reference to the frequent marauding attacks by Muslim raiders on this coastal community in retaliation to Spanish aggression in Mindanao during the Spanish-Moro war (“About Dumaguete”), considered by some historians as one of the longest anti-colonial wars in the world (Kamlian), lasting for over 300 years. Inhabitants were captured (daggit) and sold as slaves in Sulu, according to several scholars.

 
The colonial Spaniards called the Muslims “one who submits (to God) (Arabic )” Moro (plural: Moros), which is simply the Spanish term for the English word Moor, which in turn was derived from the Latin mauri, a reference to the Berber tribes who inhabited the ancient Roman province of Mauritania in northwest Africa, (today the states of Algeria, Mauritania and Morocco). The word Moro has no ethnographic meaning but can refer to all Muslims, Berber or Arab, who conquered the Iberian Peninsula. Originally, the Spanish conquestadores applied the word to all inhabitants of Mindanao, Sulu and Palawan, thinking that they were all followers of Islam and later the Spaniards infused the word with derogatory connotations. Thus, the people in Moroland refused to be called Moros until the word was transformed into a symbol of nationality and identity (Kamlian; “History of Moorish Spain”).

 
These raids by vengeful Muslims took place in many places, especially in the Visayas, and included Cebu, Southern Leyte, Northern Samar, Bohol, Negros, and Panay. Today, all one have to do is just to look for watchtowers in coastal communities, and be confidently sure that such areas were vulnerable and favorite sites of piracy in those times. In fact, an island in the Visayan Sea and its largest municipality are named Bantayan, which is the Cebuano term for watchtowers (in addition to fortresses and stones walls) that the Spaniards built in different parts of the Philippine archipelago for refuge and protection from Moro attacks. Bantayan islands itself has not less than 18 watchtowers!

 
The old name of Cebu was Sugbu and most of us will associate it with pinasugbo, the thinly sliced fried saba banana chips dipped in brown sugar syrup and sprinkled with sesame seeds, but the name is actually the Cebuano counterpart of the Hiligaynon word sugba. The name doesn’t mean that the place is scorching hot but rather refers to the “scorched earth” tactic where inhabitants burn everything the invaders could use (Teves). The native Cebuano inhabitants had the habit of burning their homes, mostly made of light and flammable materials, every time they evacuated the coastlines for the mountains so that the houses can not be used by the invading Muslims.

 
Another place in Negros Oriental that gives us a piece of this historical puzzle is Guihulngan, whose name was derived from the Cebuano word guinhulugan “where it was dropped.” During my travels to this town I was told that the community had a large bell in the past which was rang every time there was a raid. In one of these attacks, the bell was supposedly captured by the invading warriors and thrown to the sea so that the villagers can no longer use it.

 
Iloilo City in Panay Island has a district called Molo. It is said that the name came about after a Spaniard was tasked to find out the name of the place. Said Spaniard asked a Chinese, who shouted “Molo! Molo!” after seeing the incoming seafaring Moro marauders. Apparently the Chinese would pronounce R as L (as the Japanese will pronounce L as R).

 
So why talk about Bantayan, Sugbu, Guihulngan, and Molo in an article about Dumaguete? Simply because some of Dumaguete City’s major tourist attractions are hinged upon this common history of coastline piracy. Having a background will make you look at these landmarks from a different perspective and with more meaning.

 
In Conserving Fortified Heritage, it was written that, “The church-fortresses were important contact zones for Spaniards and Filipinos, and are testimonies to the social and cultural history of the Filipino people,” and “The churches have remained the dominant monument in many towns. Their size, design, construction, military and defense functions also relate suitably to the Philippine geographic conditions” (Jain and Hooja).

 
The Campanario de Dumaguete (the Dumaguete Belfry in English), located along the main Perdices St., is Dumaguete City’s version of the bantayan or watchtower. The coral bricked, pentagon shaped Campanario de Dumaguete is the oldest bell tower/belfry in Negros Oriental and the Visayas, having been built in 1811 (Pagarigan). In between the belfry and the adjacent church candle vendors can be found, selling candles for P1.00/each (P3.00 in Bacolod City) since devotees regularly light candles at the grotto area of the belfry.

 
Just beside the Dumaguete Belfry is the St. Catherine Alexandria Church (Dumaguete Cathedral), which is the largest church in Dumaguete City (Pagarigan) and the oldest stone church in Negros Oriental, having been “originally built in 1754-1776, reconstructed in 1885, and extended with present facade in 1935” as documented in a chiseled sign in one of the exterior walls of the church. St. Catherine of Alexandria became a cathedral when Dumaguete was officially erected as a diocese in 1955 (Miguel).

 
Just across the Campanario de Dumaguete and the St. Catherine Alexandria Church is the Quezon Park, named after President Manuel Luis Quezon Y Molina, who came to Dumaguete to escape the Japanese during World War II en route to Mindanao. The Quezon Park, Dumaguete’s equivalent of the Bacolod Public Plaza in Negros Occidental, celebrated its 100th year last September 17, 2016 (Tilos).

 
The Quezon Park, with an area of about 1.5 ha., is especially crowded during Sundays as churchgoers will hang around there to relax with their families. There’s a playground for children and vendors sell different food stuff and beverages. The Dumaguete Tourism Office, located on one side of the park, gives assistance to both domestic and foreign tourists, and the City Hall is just across the park. Fast food chains, banks, stores, and the Dumaguete Public Market are nearby the park since it is already within the downtown area.

 
(To be continued)

 

 

REFERENCES

Jain, Shikha and Rima Hooja (ed.). Conserving Fortified Heritage: The Proceedings of the 1st International Conference on Fortification and World Heritage. New Delhi: Cambridge Scholars Publishing, 2015.

Kamlian, Jamail A. “Who are the Moro People?” Philippine Daily Inquirer. 20 Oct. 2012.
<http://opinion.inquirer.net/39098/who-are-the-moro-people&gt;

Miguel, Dennis Kit. “Saint Catherine of Alexandria Cathedral-Parish, Dumaguete City.” Recollect Churches in Negros. 14 Aug. 2011.
http://negrosrecollectchurches.blogspot.com/2011/08/saint-catherine-of-alexandria-cathedral.html

Pagarigan, Kimmy. “Dumaguete Belfry.” Dumaguete Info. 4 Jun. 2015.
<https://www.dumagueteinfo.com/dumaguete-city/dumaguete-belfry-3/&gt;

Teves, Diji. “Real Origin of the Name ‘Cebu’ and ‘Sugbu,’ The.” Y101FM. 23 Apr. 2017.
<http://www.y101fm.com/features/lifestyle/cebu-s-best/5420-the-real-origin-of-the-name-cebu-and-sugbu&gt;

Tilos, Jennifer C. “Dumaguete Quezon Park Celebrates 100 Years Anniversary.”
22 Sep. 2016.
http://news.pia.gov.ph/article/view/1111474357060/dumaguete-quezon-park-celebrates-100-years-anniversary

What’s the Difference Between…? Business Terms Semantic Subtleties by: James U. Sy Jr.

Copy that – Used to acknowledge information while no need to act.
Roger that – Used to acknowledge some information/instruction after which acknowledge will “act.”
Main difference: Acting on the information received

Effectiveness – Achievement of objectives.
Efficiency – Achievement of objectives with the least amount of resources.
Main difference: The amount of resources expended, i.e. time, money, supplies, effort, etc.

e-Business – Process of doing business electronically or on the internet.
e-Commerce – Concerned with conducting transactions or other commerce-related activities electronically or on the internet.
Main difference: There is a transaction in e-Commerce, and e-Commerce is just a Subset of e-Business.

Libel – An untrue defamatory statement that is made in writing.
Slander – An untrue defamatory statement that is spoken orally.
Main difference: Medium by which the untrue defamatory statement is made.

Management – A process of planning, organizing, directing (leading), and controlling carried out by people at the topmost hierarchy of an organization to ensure that a proper environment is created to enable people working in an organization achieve successfully, the objectives of an organization through the proper utilization (optimization) of scarce resources.
Administration – Concerned with the design and implementation of systems and procedures to help meet stated objectives.
Main difference: Administration is a subset of management.

Mission statement – Describes what a company wants to do now.
Vision statement – Outlines what a company wants to be in the future.
Main difference: The time of achieving the objectives.

Multinational corporations (MNC) – Organization that owns or controls production of goods or services in one or more countries other than their home country.
Transnational corporations (TNC) – Incorporated or unincorporated enterprises comprising parent enterprises and their foreign affiliates.
Main difference: MNCs have a centralized management system which cannot be seen in TNCs.

Needs – State of felt deprivation. Describe basic human requirements such as food, air, water, clothing, and shelter, as well as education and recreation/entertainment.
Wants – Form a human need takes as shaped by culture and individual personality. Desire for specific satisfiers of needs.
Main difference: A need is essential to sustaining life.

Strategy – Overall campaign plan, which may involve complex operational patterns, activity, and decision-making that govern tactical execution.
Tactics – Actual means used to gain an objective.
Main difference: Tactics is more specific.

Re-examining Christianity This Holy Week and Remembering the Place of Christ in Our Lives by James U. Sy Jr.

The sermons of Fr. Mario Sobrejuanite, SSP, on the two Sundays just before the Holy Week, March 13 and 20, 2016, in his TV Healing Mass program broadcasted over at Channel 6 (Sky Cable) best summarize the teachings of the Christian faith and how it differs and stands out from the myriad of religions practiced all over the world.

 

On the first Sunday, Fr. Sobrejuanite talked about the elders and scribes bringing a sinful woman to Jesus Christ, condemning her, and asking the Great Teacher if they were to stone her as commanded in the law outlined by Moses. The elders and scribes, who disliked Jesus, were actually trying to entrap him. If He replies yes, they will accuse him of not following his own teachings of mercy; if He says no, they will accuse him of disobeying the laws.

 

But the wisdom of the Great Teacher was way above them, He gave them no reply. When they persisited, He told them, “Those with no sin cast the first stone.” No one did and the people started leaving one after the other. The woman was left, with admittance to her own sins. She was sent away by Jesus and told not to sin again.

 

On the second Sunday, Fr. Sobrejuanite reminded us how Jesus Christ accepted his fate of crucifixion. When He was given the cross, He embraced it in acceptance. His crucifixion and subsequent demise was never a result of any random chance but a destined sacrifice for Him to save humanity from its sinfulness.

 

While the ancient Greeks and Romans practiced polytheism, or religions with many Gods, Christianity is monotheistic, believing in only one true God in three persons. The Great Commandment of the 10 Commandments clearly states this, “I am the Lord, thy God. Thou shalt not have false Gods before me.” And Jesus Christ said, “No one goes to the Father except through me.”

 

His teachings, his words, his Good News, can be found in the Bible, a book which in itself is a testament to a merciful, almighty God. The Bible is unique because it is consistent all through out in its teachings, despite the fact that it was written by 40 authors, who were not related and came from different walks of life and different eras. Two different people from the same place, of the same occupation, and of the same time period will differ in beliefs and perceptions; more so for people of different backgrounds, hometowns, and timeline. Yet, what they have written remains consistent. The Catholic Church tells us why, because the Bible is the inspired word of God. While humans wrote it, they were guided by God who is infallible. In comparison, other religious texts have conflicting parts.

 

Unlike the Gods of the Incas and Mayans who were given human sacrifices to appease them, the God of Christianity is a God of mercy and love, who is known to forgive those who have sinned. The sinner woman mentioned in the sermon was but one example. In John 3:16, “For God so loved the world that He gave his one and only Son, that whoever believes in him shall not perish but have eternal life.”

 

The Holy Week is a time to contemplate and to reevaluate our relationship with God. He has blessed us with what we have and He has died for our sins, no God from other religions is known to have done so. We are blessed and we should be ever grateful for the chance to repent and turn our backs from sin and be with God for eternity.